Intro to Value, Tone, Texture, and Shading (G8)

(Please note that many of the images were taken from the net and no authors name could be found!)



By MC Esher

Line drawings are great, don’t get me wrong.  But something magical starts to happen when an artists start to add to and value to a drawing.  The realism some artists can achieve with a pencil and paper is truly amazing.


By Albrecht Durer


Can you believe that the next two images were actually drawn!

By Paul Cadden

Image source By Paul Cadden

unknowen artist

Image source By D. Zimirsky

To achieve all these drawings the alerts rely heavily on Value.

Value, otherwise known as Tone, is how light or darkness of a colour.  Below is a 10 tone value chart.


A value chart shows a gradient of tones or values. image source

(And, yes, you can do this for a Colour or a Hue)


You can get many different textures with a pencil.  What do you notice about the textures and tones in these drawing by Georges Seurat?




Look at all the different types of texture you can get with a pencil!   And yes, these are Value Charts as well.


Image source

Image source

Image source



Image source Visit


Learning how to use value and texture in your drawing will allow you to produce drawings with depth as well as different emotional scenes as well.   Not all artist want to make drawings that are realistic, in fact- we have cameras for that.


It all depends on where the light is coming from and how strong the light is.  Notice the ball below.

Image source

Image source

How many tonnes or different values do you see?





There are some standard ways to use lines to give a drawing a 3d feel:


Image source

Image source

Image source




How has the shading in this image been drawn?

Image source

Image source