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Life Sciences Evolution Exam Guide

Acme Guide: Evolution exam

 

Theories  
Cell Theory What are the key points regarding this theory?

Why is a cell a fundamental unit of life?

Abiogenesis In this theory, where did new species come from?
Evolution  
  How is “fixity of species” related to theory of evolution?

Why does sexual reproduction contribute to diversity of species?

What is the most reliable method to dating the earth’s age?

When is a population considered adapted to minor environmental fluctuations (changes).

How is an inherited variation related to the environment?

What are two examples of the rate of change in evolution?

What are four definitions of evolution and why?

(consider process, theory, change in gene pool and diversity in species)

How is structure and function related homologous, analogous and vestigial structures?

What are four forms of indirect evidence? Provide an example.

What are three reasons why fossils may create some confusion in regards to creating a phylogenic tree.

Lamarck Did the organism change to the environment or did the environment change the organism in Lamarck’s theory and law?

What was his theory?

What was his law?

What are some examples of his theory and law?

What is an example of “an acquired characteristic”

Darwin  
  What are Darwin’s six specific points?

How did Darwin link “natural selection” to “artificial selection”?

Why is struggle for existence linked to Malthus

Why is Wallace linked to “survival of fittest”?

In both Lamarck’s and Darwin’s theories, is the source of genetic variability discussed? Why not?

Darwin’s ideas was based upon overpopulation and survival of the fittest, why?

   
Evolution in action In the case study of English Peppered Moths, what is the source for change in colour of the moth?

In the case study on amino acids and insects, how is biochemical indirect evidence linked to “degree of relatedness”?

  In the case study with mosquitos and DDT, some mosquitos developed resistance to DDT. How would Lamarck and Darwin explain this?
  If an animal “develops” a trait to catch prey, is this a proof of an acquired characteristic?
  Lamarck states some animals “develop” an acquired characteristic vs Darwin says “nature selects”. What is the difference in the role of environment on the organism for these two theories?
  In the case study of horses, what type of selection and rate of evolution is occurring?

In the “Barbellus” lab, how is geological evidence linked to phylogenetic trees?

Definitions  
  If an organism does not have “genetic potential” to adapt then the species becomes what?

What does the term “assurance” mean?

What does “fundamental” mean?

What does “fluctuate” mean?

  What is directional selection? Example

 

  What is stabilizing selection? Example
  What is disruptive selection? Example
  What is an example of evidence that is not indirect evidence?
  What is the difference between convergence and coevolution?
  What is “speciation” and how is it linked to isolation mechanisms?

 

  How is speciation linked to adaptive radiation?
  How is adaptive radiation linked to divergence of a species?
  In an interbreeding population of organisms, what is a fertile offspring called?

If two species interbreed and create nonfertile species, what are they called?

  If someone visited the Hawaiian Islands and noticed 10 species of butterflies while going from island to island, how could they explain the diversity of species by looking at Darwin’s evidence in the Galapagos Islands? What would be the role of isolation mechanisms, adaptive radiation, overpopulation, fitness of species and types of selections such as disruptive, stabilizing and directional selection.
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Life Science Acme Guide for Chapter 3 Quiz

Acme Guide for Chapter 3

 

  1. Darwin’s importance of competition and or struggle for existence came from which author/researcher?
  2. What was the essay by Malthus called and how was it linked to Darwin’s ideas?
  3. Step by step, what are the six point that Darwin uses to explain his theory of evolution and natural selection?
  4. Which evolutionary theorist used the giraffe to show use and disuse?
  5. What is the difference between the theory of disuse and use and law of acquired characteristics?
  6. If an organism was intentionally changes such as chopping off tails or cutting ears (such as some dog species) and the pups were still born with tales, which theory could this evidence challenge?
  7. Recalling the industrial melanism case study, how did the moth originally get the black colour?
  8. Darwin fostered the idea of both natural and artificial selection, what would be an example of artificial related to domestic animal stocks?
  9. If the environment selects a specific trait in an insect population, whose theory would. This evidence supports?
  10. If a population in a cold and dry environment has a warm protective covering as a form of an adaption that allows the species survive and produce more offspring, whose theory is supported by this evidence?
  11. Could birth rate be influenced by getting long legged bird species bottoms wet?
  12. Was the source of variability in a species every discussed in Darwin’s theory?
  13. What is the process of multiplication of species called?
  14. What is an example and definition for term hybrid? Can some hybrids become infertile?
  15. What is a preserved imprint of a former living organism foot called?
  16. In a short passage of geological time there is a rapid change in morphology, unlike gradual model of change, this is called what?
  17. According do Darwin the story behind why there were 14 different species in the Galapagos islands is due to a variety of variables.
  18. Were there natural predators?
  19. Where did the original species come from?
  20. Was there an abundance of food for just one type of species?
  21. How is speciation linked to natural selection? (for example, how isolation mechanisms influence which species survives? Could you give an example?
  22. How did diversity in population influence which birds, iguanas and even tortoise to survive.
  23. If a bird species did not have a specific trait or shape of beak, could it survive on another island? Why?
  24. Could you use the answers from the above questions to explain speciation and natural selection in the Galapagos island?

 

Study resource at blog is file is “Lumen Biology Resources”

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Life sciences Acme Guide

Acme Guide Test One

 

Scientific Method Focus Question Resources from class
Taxonomy   7 in text and Unit E in study guide
  How is a binomial name created for an organism? Worksheets
  What are the two parts of a binomial name?  
  Which comes first in a binomial name, genus or species? Why is one name capitalized?  
  Are species classified by their presumed evolutionary relationship?  
  What is the scientific name for humans?  
  According to the binomial classifications system, what phylum do humans belong to?  
  According to the binomial classification system, what class do humans belong to?  
  According to the binomial classification system, what family do humans belong to?  
  Why is Latin used to classify living things?  
  Does a dichotomous key consider evolution?  
  Do dichotomous keys use qualitative or quantitative properties of a living things?  
  What is the difference between a dichotomous key and a phylogenetic key?  
Five Kingdoms of life What is the sequence of most diverse life forms to specific life forms, starting with the idea of Kingdoms Chapter 1

Worksheet and handout

  Which kingdom do Bacteria and cyanobacteria belong to?  
  Molds and mushrooms belong to which kingdom?  
  Moss and ferns belong to which kingdom  
  Humans belong to which kingdom?  
  What is the taxonomic sequence starting from the most specific to the most diverse?  
  Where the kingdoms of life made up prior to any theories?  
  How are prokaryotes and eukaryotes similar and different?  
  How do kingdoms help explain the number of cells and organism has?  
  How do kingdoms help explain specific activities of life?  
Scientific Method All scientific inquiries begin with what activity? 1
  What is a theory?  
  What does biology prefer objective vs subjective inquiry?  
  What is the Cell theory  
  What is the Gene Theory  
  What is the Theory of abiogenesis?  
  What is the evolutionary theory?  
  A tentative explanation of an observation is what?  
  If someone proposed a testable idea and after many different types of tests of that idea what would you have?  
  What is the proper sequence of the scientific method starting with a testable idea?  
  Do the conclusions of an experiment ever change?  
  Why do scientist use something called the scientific method?  
  Can a hypothesis be proven true?  
  What is the definition of a control?  
  What is the experimental variable and what is its function?  
  Do scientist report all their findings as a newspaper article?  
  What is the last step of the scientific method and can it change?  
  If something is proposed to be “true” in science, what is it referred to as?  
  Do all scientific experiments need to be published?  
  When conducting an experiment, why is the function of randomizing test of a variable and picking the same species?  
  Are ethical and moral questions testable?  
  Do all hypothesis need to be proven false?  

 

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Life Science Chem of life tips.

Carbohydrates..how sweet they are..

What are three names of simple sugars?

Why are simple sugars in your diet more harmful that starch?

Why are these almonds I am eating sweet?

Why use brown sugar instead of white sugar?

What are the different types or sources of sugars?

How are glycogen, starch and cellulose similar or different?

What is up with gluten and gluten free diets?

Did you know Oreo cookies are gluten free?

FAT! …no way…Lipids!

What the different structures and functions of lipids.

How is cholesterol both “good” and “bad”?

Poutine…nope…protein

What are the building blocks of proteins and what chemicals or functional groups do they have?

What molecules are coded to make protein?

What three nucleic acids have an acid, a base and a sugar? How are they similar or different?

You planning to do IronMan in Hawaii…next summer..Woot Woot!

How would you alter your diet to produce muscles three months before the event?

How about a month or even the days of the event?

Remember..you are what you eat!

So I will continue munch this trail mix and ponder on what to have for dinner!

 

 

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Life Science 11 L-10 Sept 27th 2019

Life Sciences L 10 Sept 27th2019

 

Topic Content  
Intro Adaption and law of super position

 

Biology.

1.    any alteration in the structure or function of an organism or any of its parts that results from natural selection and by which the organism becomes better fitted to survive and multiply in its environment.

2.    a form or structure modified to fit a changed environment.

3.    the ability of a species to survive in a particular ecological niche, especially because of alterations of form or behavior brought about through natural selection.

4.    https://www.dictionary.com/browse/adaptation

Note that this can be a change in behaviour as well as structure. The big take home point is the ability to adapt allow the species to reproduce.

 

Law of superpostion

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EadTLGMu3LI

 

Take home..just like your laundry pile, oldest is on the bottom and youngest is on top.

 

Chapter Two: Defining Adaption and layers of the earth

 

 

Where are we going?

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/high-school-biology/hs-evolution/hs-evolution-and-natural-selection/v/introduction-to-evolution-and-natural-selection

 

Evidence for evolution

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lIEoO5KdPvg

 

Amoeba sisters present evolution (start of playlist)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VM9YxmULuo&list=PLlGavRTZEhd7Osi8lXiOsc_BCbrrrRJp-

 

BC’s own..Baba Brinkman

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hod20AzYB4o

 

 

Lab Barbellus Lab Handed out in class

Three sheets

http://calebwilkison.weebly.com/uploads/1/8/8/6/18869936/lab_-_evo_-_evolution_of_barbellus.pdf

 

Cladograms

https://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-a-Cladogram/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouZ9zEkxGWg

 

  Your mission Prior to cutting out each species, colour in what you feel are adaptations.

Look at how structures could show a possible adaption.

So what two primary environments?

Note: Due to law of superposition, the youngest species has to be showing up last on your diagram.

Propose “the story of barbellus” by looking at changes with structures with time.

Consider the following:

Which species became extinct and why?

Which species may have moved to a new locations?

How do species structure give you clues as to which environment they may have adapted to?

  Vocab sand concept search Divergence vs Convergence

Dominant and recessive traits

Compare a phylogram to a cladogram

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L 8 Life Sciences Sept 23rd, 2019

Life Science (L8)  Sept Lesson Monday 23rdSept

 

Intro Content Evaluations and Resource
Topic One   Chop wood, carry water

https://spark.adobe.com/page/BVUbAFY6A51DG/

Dream big, think small

 

Topic Two Structure Four Sheets

a)     Class outline

b)    What is on the quiz

c)     Gap notes and location of binder

d)    Do dichotomous key

 

Topic Three Subject of taxonomy Gap Notes and how humans are classified

 

Crash course on taxonomy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F38BmgPcZ_I

 

Human Classification

https://www.google.com/search?safe=strict&client=safari&rls=en&sxsrf=ACYBGNQ-qjsL06CoAwffkv0hGjPf1bipfQ%3A1569275823826&ei=rz-JXYSGMs3k-gSC_7q4AQ&q=how+human+are+humans+taxonomical+classified&oq=how+human+are+humans+taxonomical+classified&gs_l=psy-ab.3…37131.39992..40485…0.2..0.155.979.9j3……0….1..gws-wiz…….0i71j35i304i39j33i10.XlXXWZOlJZM&ved=0ahUKEwjEmaKA-OfkAhVNsp4KHYK_DhcQ4dUDCAo&uact=5

 

Khan academy tree of life

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/high-school-biology/hs-evolution/hs-phylogeny/v/taxonomy-and-the-tree-of-life

 

Topic Four Dichotomous Keys Talk on how to make a key

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EjvpVNNhj5A

Using a dichotomous key

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UGSW8aFvr_Q

 

Take home You want to change the world The original speech

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxBQLFLei70

 

Handed out 4 sheets 1: Class expections and outline

2: Learning outcomes for scientific method

3: Gap Notes

4: Alien dichotomous key

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Bio 11 Cheat Sheet template

Bio 11 :

 

Outline to make a viable “resource” sheet for Bio 11

 

  • Take this information and put into a landscape format so you have more room to write down information.
  • Use both written and drawn diagrams to explain information.
  • Use colour coding to identify facts.
  • Always use an example to explain concepts in vocab.

 

Good luck!

 

 

Topic Questions Fill in for answer
DNA How would you label a DNA molecule?

 

Look for :

What is a nucleotide?

Where are the sugar and phosphates?

What is a nitrogen base?

Which nitrogen bases link up?

When making a protein from DNA, what is the sequence?

What would a copy of DNA look like for mRNA.

 

If you had a table with tRNA code, how would that transcribe into a sequence of amino acids

If you had a sequence of DNA, how could you make a sequence of mRNA and then using a tRNA table find out the final amino acids in a protein.

 

What are three functions of DNA?

 

Include a copy of DNA drawing with labels
Evolution Homologous structures are the result of what processes in evolution?

What is a vestigial structure?

What are the four types of indirect proof and how would similar genes be used to show evolution?

 

Define: (always have an example)

Convergent evolution

Divergent evolution

Gradualism

Punctuated evolution

Adaptation

Evolution (4)

Genetic drift

Gene flow

Mutation

Natural selection

Speciation

 

Which two scientists published the idea of natural selection?

How why genetic drift, natural selection and gene flow all depend upon mutations.

 

Explain how reproductive isolation is different than geographic isolation.

 

Using a graph, can you explain and give an example of how gradual change is different than punctuated equilibrium?

 

 
Taxonomy What is the correct order (going from least to most specific classification) in biology?

 

In a binomial name, the first and second name signify what terms in Taxonomy?

 

How can you use the classification terminology (KPCOFGS) to see which species may be closer related?

 

 

Vocab (include examples)

·      Heterotrophic

·      Autotropic

·      Eukaryote

·      Prokaryote

·      Taxonomy

·      Monera

·      Fungi

·      Plantae

·      Animalia

 

 
Chapter One review What are the four theories all about?

·      Cell Theory

·      Gene Theory

·      Biogenesis Theory

·      Evolution

 

What is a hypothesis?

·      Is it a concept supported by experiments?

·      A result of deductive reasoning?

·      A tentative explanation of the results of an experiment?

·      A tentative explanation of observed phenomena?

 

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Bio 11 Test 2 (Taxonomy,Evolution and DNA) Review

Bio 11 DNA, Evolution and Taxonomy Review

 

 

Chapter Topic Question
7 Taxonomy ·      The science of naming organisms is called ___ and was invented by ___/

·      What is the correct order for taxa from least to most specific characteristics?

 

·      In the classification of human’s, the term is “homo sapiens”, what do the two words represent in regards to taxonomy?

 

·      Of the following words: kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus and species, which are closely related

 

·      If two organism’s have the same name in their binomial name, then they are in the same?

 

 

    Organism’s can sometimes be classified by their metabolism or cell structures.

Can you define and give examples for:

·      Prokaryotic

·      Eukaryotic

·      Heterotrophic

·      Autotrophic

 

·      If an organism is unicellular and has no nucleus it could be classified as belonging to which kingdom?

 

 

·      If an organism is 15 microns in diameter, and has chloroplasts, which kingdom would it belong to?

 

    Can you compare:

·      Cell theory

·      Gene theory

·      Biogenesis theory

·      Evolutionary theory

2 and 3 Evolution ·      Traits that make a species better suited for a way of life are called a _____

·      How many definitions are there to describe evolution and what are they?

 

  Direct Proof ·      How could fossils be linked to homologous, analogous and vestigial structures?

 

     
  Indirect Proof ·      How are homologous structures formed?

 

·      How could a vestigial structure be formed and why would snakes have hips?

 

 

·      Can you use specific examples to discuss homologous, analogous and vestigial structures?

 

·      What is the difference between and homologous and an analogous structures?

 

 

·      A wing of a bird and butterfly are what type of structures?

 

·      If the sequence of nitrogen bases in humans is similar to a chimpanzee, what kind of indirect evidence could this be?

 

 

·      If different species show similar traits to suit a specific environment, what type of evolution could this be?

 

3 Evolution mechanisms ·      What is gradualism?

·      What is punctuated equilibrium and what would be an example?

·      How is divergent evolution and natural selection linked to the population of finches in the Galopagos Islands?

 

See worksheets and text DNA ·      What is a nucleotide?

·      What are the four bases found in DNA and which binds to the other?

·      What is different in RNA in reference to type of sugar, bases and structure when comparing it to DNA?

·      What are the three building blocks of DNA?

·      Can you label a drawing of DNA?

·      What is the order of flow of information regarding: proteins, genes, DNA and RNA?

 

  Interpreting sequences of DNA ·      Can you use a genetic code codon, anticodon and t rna table to translate a sequence of code?

 

·      Current definitions include what term and why did Darwin not include this idea in his theory?

 

  Fill in the blank words ·      Genetic drift

·      Genetic pool

·      Gene flow

·      Mutations

·      Non random mating

·      Adaptive radiation

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Bio 11 Evolution Review

Bio 11 Evolution Review

 

 

Chapter Topic Question
1 Cells ·      Why is a cell considered to be the fundamental unit of life?

 

    ·      If the theory of abiogenesis was true, then spontaneous generations would come from where?

 

  Review cheat sheet

 

Use these questions to make an efficient cheat sheet. Remember..adapt or die!
2 Adaptions ·      What do desirable adaptions allow a species to do?

·      Variations in a population are usually the result of what?

·      What is an inheritable trait?

·      What is a species and how is it formed?

 

  Fossils ·      What two species could be an example of a grassland animals in two different geographic zones that look similar and that show convergence? Think of pouches and antlers.

 

  Indirect proof ·      If chicken embryo’s look like rabbit embryo’s then what is the indirect proof to show these two species may be related?

·      What is the concept of biochemical evidence based upon?

 

    ·      How does sexual reproduction help evolution verses asexual reproduction?

( which makes more diversity/)

·      What is an isolation barrier that cannot be overcome?(see above)

 

3 Evolution mechanisms ·      What is the basic meaning for the term “evolution’?

·      What is “fixity of species”?

·      What was the original source of variation within the English peppered moth?

·      If an inheritable variation produces a structural or physiological adaption, what must that adaption allow the species to do?

 

  Lamarck ·      What are Lamarck’s two laws?

·      What words would be used in a question that would show consistency with Lamarck

·      What is the majour weakness in Lamarck’s theory?

 

  Darwin ·      In Darwin’s theory of evolution, what source of change did Darwin not use nor was he aware of?

·      Why would the word’s “survive and produce” be associated with Darwin’s arguments about the mechanisms for evolution.

·      In Darwin’s theory, what is the force with changes the species trait like the long neck of a giraffe?

·      What is not explained in Darwin’s theory of evolution?

·      In Darwin’s first portion of his argument what concept did he borrow from Malthus?

·      You need to know all six steps of Darwin’s argument and show examples.

·      Can you compare statements that would support or challenge both Darwin and Lamark’s theories of evolution.

 

  Fill in the blank words ·      Adaptive radiation

·      Isolation mechanisms

·      Failure to adapt results in…?

·      Fossil

·      Homologous

·      Analogous

·      Vestigial

·      Convergence

·      Divergence

·      Artificial selection

·      Natural selection

·      Fixity of species

 

  Short Answer Topics 1)   What are four categories of indirect or direct evidence. (Describe and discuss)

 

2)   What are five reasons why fossil records are sometimes difficult to interpret.

 

3)   Using the concept of speciation, isolation mechanisms and Darwin’s theory, explain why there are 14 species of finches in the Galopagos Islands.

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Bio 11 (2017-2018) DNA Nov 22

Bio 11 (2017-2018) DNA                                      Date Nov 22nd

 

 

Last lessons Objective

 

Quiz Feedback

Reference to Online notes

 

Evaluation
Today’s Objectives 1.   Two evaluations

2.   DNA

3.   Protein Synthesis

o

 Work sheet
Topic

Number One

Is anyone reading the notes?

Common mistakes on evaluations.

See reference file for prep for Test One

 

 Search DNA notes at “big picture”
Topic

Number Two

 

DNA

Having a code

 

Evolution, mutations and melanin pigment.

 

Amoeba Sisters on DNA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_POdWsii7AI

 

Ameoba Sisters and DNA replication

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2yG-gkgOokA

 

Create a comparative table to compare

a)  DNA verse RNA

b)  Replication verse making protein

c)   Transcription verse translation

 

Compares

·      Transcription to translation

·      Codon to anticodon

·      DNA verses RNA

·      Point mutations verses chromosome alterations

 

The idea of the “Gene” ( One gene to one protein model)

 

Link to gene flow, gene frequency and gene pool (topic for next class)

 

Topic

Number Three

Evolution of the Blank ( Due next week)

 

 

Text book Ref

 

Chapter 2 and 3 and Chapter 5

 

 

You tube Reference Natural Selection Rap

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irrKFXCoi0A

 

Artificial Selection Rap

https://www.brainpickings.org/2013/06/14/the-rap-guide-to-evolution-baba-brinkman/

 

Take Home Message A theory is a form of an objective argument based upon evidence that is usually used to support a hypothesis that has been replicated in a variety of formats.

 

Theories can change with time and they are not facts.

 

To create a logically sound argument, it is wise to examine objective evidence that both supports and argues the premise that you are defending.

 

Do not go into a battle of wits with an unarmed opponent.

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