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Bio 11 Test 2 (Taxonomy,Evolution and DNA) Review

Bio 11 DNA, Evolution and Taxonomy Review

 

 

Chapter Topic Question
7 Taxonomy ·      The science of naming organisms is called ___ and was invented by ___/

·      What is the correct order for taxa from least to most specific characteristics?

 

·      In the classification of human’s, the term is “homo sapiens”, what do the two words represent in regards to taxonomy?

 

·      Of the following words: kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus and species, which are closely related

 

·      If two organism’s have the same name in their binomial name, then they are in the same?

 

 

    Organism’s can sometimes be classified by their metabolism or cell structures.

Can you define and give examples for:

·      Prokaryotic

·      Eukaryotic

·      Heterotrophic

·      Autotrophic

 

·      If an organism is unicellular and has no nucleus it could be classified as belonging to which kingdom?

 

 

·      If an organism is 15 microns in diameter, and has chloroplasts, which kingdom would it belong to?

 

    Can you compare:

·      Cell theory

·      Gene theory

·      Biogenesis theory

·      Evolutionary theory

2 and 3 Evolution ·      Traits that make a species better suited for a way of life are called a _____

·      How many definitions are there to describe evolution and what are they?

 

  Direct Proof ·      How could fossils be linked to homologous, analogous and vestigial structures?

 

     
  Indirect Proof ·      How are homologous structures formed?

 

·      How could a vestigial structure be formed and why would snakes have hips?

 

 

·      Can you use specific examples to discuss homologous, analogous and vestigial structures?

 

·      What is the difference between and homologous and an analogous structures?

 

 

·      A wing of a bird and butterfly are what type of structures?

 

·      If the sequence of nitrogen bases in humans is similar to a chimpanzee, what kind of indirect evidence could this be?

 

 

·      If different species show similar traits to suit a specific environment, what type of evolution could this be?

 

3 Evolution mechanisms ·      What is gradualism?

·      What is punctuated equilibrium and what would be an example?

·      How is divergent evolution and natural selection linked to the population of finches in the Galopagos Islands?

 

See worksheets and text DNA ·      What is a nucleotide?

·      What are the four bases found in DNA and which binds to the other?

·      What is different in RNA in reference to type of sugar, bases and structure when comparing it to DNA?

·      What are the three building blocks of DNA?

·      Can you label a drawing of DNA?

·      What is the order of flow of information regarding: proteins, genes, DNA and RNA?

 

  Interpreting sequences of DNA ·      Can you use a genetic code codon, anticodon and t rna table to translate a sequence of code?

 

·      Current definitions include what term and why did Darwin not include this idea in his theory?

 

  Fill in the blank words ·      Genetic drift

·      Genetic pool

·      Gene flow

·      Mutations

·      Non random mating

·      Adaptive radiation

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Bio 11 (2017-2018) DNA Nov 22

Bio 11 (2017-2018) DNA                                      Date Nov 22nd

 

 

Last lessons Objective

 

Quiz Feedback

Reference to Online notes

 

Evaluation
Today’s Objectives 1.   Two evaluations

2.   DNA

3.   Protein Synthesis

o

 Work sheet
Topic

Number One

Is anyone reading the notes?

Common mistakes on evaluations.

See reference file for prep for Test One

 

 Search DNA notes at “big picture”
Topic

Number Two

 

DNA

Having a code

 

Evolution, mutations and melanin pigment.

 

Amoeba Sisters on DNA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_POdWsii7AI

 

Ameoba Sisters and DNA replication

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2yG-gkgOokA

 

Create a comparative table to compare

a)  DNA verse RNA

b)  Replication verse making protein

c)   Transcription verse translation

 

Compares

·      Transcription to translation

·      Codon to anticodon

·      DNA verses RNA

·      Point mutations verses chromosome alterations

 

The idea of the “Gene” ( One gene to one protein model)

 

Link to gene flow, gene frequency and gene pool (topic for next class)

 

Topic

Number Three

Evolution of the Blank ( Due next week)

 

 

Text book Ref

 

Chapter 2 and 3 and Chapter 5

 

 

You tube Reference Natural Selection Rap

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irrKFXCoi0A

 

Artificial Selection Rap

https://www.brainpickings.org/2013/06/14/the-rap-guide-to-evolution-baba-brinkman/

 

Take Home Message A theory is a form of an objective argument based upon evidence that is usually used to support a hypothesis that has been replicated in a variety of formats.

 

Theories can change with time and they are not facts.

 

To create a logically sound argument, it is wise to examine objective evidence that both supports and argues the premise that you are defending.

 

Do not go into a battle of wits with an unarmed opponent.

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 11 (2017-2018) HW Equation Nov. 20

Key Topic
Gene Frequency Example tongue rolling Test on Friday

Evolution of blank

·      Vocab development

Gene pool

Genetic drift

Allele

Allele frequency

Hetero and homozygous

Phenotype

Genotype

Punnet square

 

·      Allele is a symbol to show a trait (ie tongue rolling) Hardy Weinberg formula
·      Definition for evolution is

A change in gene frequency in a population.

How do you find this out?

·      Tongue rolling explain (use the board)

·      An allele is a letter to signify the presence or lack of presence of a trait.

·      Populations include a variety of traits. Some can be detrimental.

·      The HW equation can be used to predict the affect of frequency within a population.

Show symbol to explain phenotype verse phenotype
·      Basic video

http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/labbench/lab8/hardwein.html

 

Big Point

 

The sum of P and q always one to denote the complete population

·      Terminology

P is a letter to denote having the trait.

Q is a letter to denote not having the trait.

·      Punnet squares show probability.

·      (P+Q) squared is

P (squared) +2PQ and Q(squared)

 

 

·      Why use the formula genotype
·      Tricks to solve problem.

a)   format

b)   sample question

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=35NTHrA3MVY

 

9:35

 

·      So take home?

·      Vocab and numbers

 

·      Careful about purebred and codominant and incomplete dominance Can you use a punnet square or a work sheet?
Home work

“Germanna : Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium)

Answers on last sheet.

 

What are some practical applications of the HW equilibrium

 

https://prezi.com/kqqm2wrjoy8l/population-genetics-practical-applications-of-hardy-weinberg-equation/

 

Examples

Online rf

https://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=https://i.ytimg.com/vi/xPkOAnK20kw/maxresdefault.jpg&imgrefurl=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v%3DxPkOAnK20kw&h=720&w=1280&tbnid=vvH4NUO13nXaBM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=231&usg=__5MDySOmlvG1F8gP-xkmLkvvk7Kc%3D&vet=10ahUKEwiCyr6N2c3XAhUK8GMKHZIxC14Q9QEILDAA..i&docid=zMAnML87Jh9z1M&client=safari&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiCyr6N2c3XAhUK8GMKHZIxC14Q9QEILDAA

 

 

https://78bbm3rv7ks4b6i8j3cuklc1-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/hardy-weinberg-equilibrium.pdf

 

 

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/her/heredity-and-genetics/v/hardy-weinberg

 

What are the five conditions that create HW in equilibrium?

 

Consider the following

 

If population is in equilibrium, will evolution be occurring?

 

How would allele frequency change if an allele is being favoured?

 

What would be the affect of changes in birth rate, migration,

 

How could HW Equation be linked to Sickle cell anemia

 

Options for learning how to use formula

a)   plug and play

b)   problem solve with partners

c)    work with problem sheet

Take home?

Change in gene frequency

How that occurred?

Integration curve with theory

Affect of population changes linked to HW

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Bio 11 2017 Oct 16

Bio 11 (17-18)                                     Oct 16th

 

 

Last lessons Objectives

 

 

 

1.   Exam

2.   Taxonomy for class plants

3.   Media board assignments

 

Evaluations
Today’s Objectives a)   Solving the mystery of Barbellus

b)   What is a cladogram?

c)    How to use fossil evidence as direct proof

 

 

Exam

Topic

Number One

Barbellus Activity

Handed out or

http://faculty.montvilleschools.org/bhayes/biology/handouts/evolution_of_barbellus.pdf

 

Step one:

 

Organize by layer of rocks with oldest on the bottom.

 

Step two

Organize by similarity in structure. You can move the organism side ways but not up or down? Why?

 

Step three

 

Identify structures that look similar? For example: limbs, fins, eyes, segments in body and antenna. How would these structures be linked to environment the organism lives in?

 

Create cladogram with aquatic species on x axis and terrestrial

 

As seen via the internet

 

Basic ideas

·      Law of superposition

·      Adaptations

·      Using a cladogram

·      Extinction

·      Diverge and converge

 

Videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XvC1rs7k8j8

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bSICRTjJae0

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yz2z0cg0YDY

 

 

Topic

Number Two

What is a cladogram

http://study.com/academy/lesson/cladogram-definition-examples.html

 

Higher level interpretation from Yale

http://peabody.yale.edu/exhibits/what-cladogram

 

Videos

From Utah

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5aEIvwqoIhI

 

Bozeman

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouZ9zEkxGWg

 

Understanding a phylogenetic tree

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RVW8iIEfiZI&t=17s

 

 

Topic

Number Three

 

Preview to next class lab

 

a)   Isolation mechanisms

 

b)   Elephant lab

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/jan/31/elephant-teeth-teach-about-evolution

 

https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/mammoth-modern-elephant

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=95RKsAR7SW8

 

Each student to do one of each assignment for full marks per term.
Text book Reference

Chapter 1 pg. 38-49

 

Class Notes

Chapter 7 Taxonomy

Chapter 2 Evidence of evolution

 

 

Class hand outs

 

 

You tube Reference How to write Cornell Notes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtW9IyE04OQ

 

 

 

 

Take Home Message  

 

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Bio 11

Bio 11 (17-18)  Date Oct 10 th

 

 

Last lessons Objective

 

 

Classification and Taxonomy

Evaluation
Today’s Objectives  

1.   Direct Evidence (Fossils)

2.   Indirect Evidence (4 types)

3.   Isolation Mechanism and Evolution

 

 
Topic

Number One

 

Question: What organism are these bones from?

Using a skeleton of a limb, how can we observe some evidence of an animals structure and function?

What structures are in the limb?

 

Refer to class notes posted at web blog.

Problems with fossils

Type of soil : Usually sandstone or limestone.

Types of fossils (3)

Petrified

Imprint

In resin

Type of material to fossilize ( hard verses soft)

Amount of fossil remains

Movement of fossils due to predation

Movement due to local geological or environmental   change

Movement due to earthquakes

Movement due to plate tetontics

 

BBC information on fossil records

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/add_edexcel/common_systems/growthrev1.shtml

 

Sample of some problems with fossils

http://www.evolutionnews.org/2015/01/problem_5_abrup091141.html

 

How things work (Problems with fossils)

http://animals.howstuffworks.com/dinosaurs/dinosaur-bones2.htm

 

 
Topic

Number Two

Question: What are the four indirect proofs of change with time.

“Speaking English..were you in the boat when the boat sank…”

Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny

Morphology (Homologous and Analagous)

Biochemical similarities

Physiological similarities

 

How things work (proofs of evolution)

http://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/biology-terms/evolution-info2.htm

 

 

Powerpoint on Indirect Evidence

borysndmath.weebly.com/…/5.3_indirect_evidence_of_evolution.ppt

 

 

 
Topic

Number Three

 

Case study of evolution of Horse from Chapter Two

Please note to start with time being the oldest evidence.

 

Plot line

Make best fit line

Calculate the slope of line

 

Next Class Exam

 

Make key for next class

Text book Reference

 

Chapter Two Table
You tube Reference  

Richard Dawkins and proof of evolution

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_LY-LZtJAs

 

Evidence of Evolution made easy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jw0MLJJJbqc

 

 

 
Take Home Message  

There are three constants in life..paradox, change and humour.

 

Find a bone called a Humerus, you will see evidence of change and proof of why bones can be called funny bones..

 

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Bio 11 (17-18) Oct 5

Biology 11 Lesson Outline                                      Date Oct 5th

 

 

Last lessons Objectives

 

 

 

Designing an experiment

Pre test review

Evaluations
Today’s Objectives  

1.   Exam

2.   Taxonomy for class plants

3.   Media board assignments

 

 

Exam

Topic

Number One

Part One of Introduction Evaluation

(Not including taxonomy)

 

 
Topic

Number Two

Room 411 has over 16 plants

You mission is to create a key to find the names of each plant.

You should:

·      Photograph the plants

·      Find a plant key to classify your plant

·      Note all plant structures to classify plants

 
Topic

Number Three

 

Each week we need to update the Room 411 Biognus bulletin board

Categories

 

1)   Media story with photo

2)   Cartoon

3)   Vocabulary for the week

 

For each category, you will need to consider the following

 

1)   Is the work neat and organized

2)   Include a feedback section regarding how it is linked to course content

3)   A critical thinking question and possible answer

 

Each student to do one of each assignment for full marks per term.
Text book Reference

Chapter 1 pg. 38-49

 

Class Notes

Chapter 7 Taxonomy

Chapter 2 Evidence of evolution

 

 

Class hand outs

 

 

 
You tube Reference How to write Cornell Notes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtW9IyE04OQ

 

 

DNA and RNA (Amoeba Sisters)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Elo-zX1k8M

 

 

 

 
Take Home Message  

You are what you eat.

Do not forget Vitamins

 

 
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Bio 11 Exam Review

Bio 11 Exam Review ( Introduction)

 

Topic Focus Questions
The studying of biology and science ·      How does a scientific inquiry begin?

·      Can scientific discoveries occur without an an experiment?

·      What are three conditions on earth that make it a good place for living things?

Scientific Method ·      What are three criteria for a hypothesis?

·      What is the difference between a theory and a law?

·      Are theories open to further study? Why?

·      A formal hypothesis always includes which two words?

·      The beginning of a theory always begin when scientist do what?

·      In order for a hypothesis to be valid, what must it be?

·      How do you outline an experiment?

·      What is a control?

·      What is a dependent and indepedant variable?

·      What are examples of qualitative and quantitative observations.

·      In an experiment where you are testing a variable, how many samples would you test?

Activities of life ·      How is reproduction linked to the idea of continuity?

·      If an animal uses a structural feature to move, how could this be linked to evolution?

·      Which activity of life is linked to the other five or six activities of life?

·      How is a living thing different than a non living thing?

·

Six Big Ideas ·      How is the idea of unity and diversity shown when comparing different species?

·      How is adaption linked to the ideas of evolution and changes with time?

·      What is another term to describe how living things maintain their chemical balance?

·      How would you describe the term continuity using an example?

·      What would be examples of the six big ideas?

·      What is unity and diversity and how could you explain it using examples of similar and different species?

 

Levels of organization ·      What is the smallest level of organization?

·      What is an organic molecule?

·      What is the definition of a population and how is it linked to the notion of a species?

·      How would you rank activites of life from a biome to a cell?

·      What power of a microscope would you use to examine a eukaryotic cell?

·      How can you define the term species verses a population? Could you give an example?

·      Is an ecosystem composed of just living things? (Can you provide an example?)

Fields of biological study ·      If some one is looking at the shape of a skull which field of biology are they studying?

·      If some one is looking at animals, which field of biology would they be in?

·      What would be the field of biology that explores how living things carry on their life activities?

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Bio 11 Quiz One Review Notes

Quiz one: Review

 

Topic One:

 

Scientific method

 

  • A scientific inquiry always begins with an observation.
  • In an observation you can look for both quantitative and qualitative factors.
  • Now you proposes a hypothesis to explain your observations.
  • You may infer, looking at your observations, a possible cause and effect relationship.

 

Points about a hypothesis

 

  • It must be testable
  • It must be a tentative explaination of observed phenomena
  • As a formal hypothesis, it should include the word “if” for the independent variable and “then” for the dependent variable.
  • A hypothesis can be supported by testing that hypothesis

 

The process of the scientific method includes:

  • Observation
  • Hypothesis
  • Experiment
  • Theory
  • Law

 

All experiments are subject to change and can have experimental error.

 

In a controlled experiment, there is no experimental variable.

 

Within the scientific community experiments are given to scientific journals for peer review.

 

We will need to be aware of four theories

  • Evolutionary theory
  • Gene theory
  • Abiogenesis
  • Cell Theory

 

Classification

The study of how organisms are classified is called taxonomy.

  • A binomial name includes both the genus and the species.
  • A binomial name begins with the genus and then the species, much like your last name then your first.
  • In order from many organisms to specific species is :
  • Kingdom: Example Animal Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Genus
  • Species: note that species are defined by the fact that they reproduce with each other.
  • Levels of organization
  • Cells can be classified as:
  • Prokaryote: an organism that has no nucleus, no organelles, no cytoplasmic streaming .

 

If we start off with a cell being the lowest level of organization, then levels of complexity and interaction are:

Cell to tissue

Tissue to organ

Organ to system

 

Now we are looking at specific species.

 

A number of individual species is a population

A number of population with other populations is a community.

If we consider both living (biotic) and nonliving (abiotic) factors we are now considering an ecosystem.

Several ecosystems together is referred to as a biome.

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Bio 11 L 4 (2017-18)

Bio 11 L 4 (17-18)                                     Date Sept 19 201

 

 

Last lessons Objectives

 

 

1.    Work Package on Scientific method

2.    Big 3 ideas (Taxonomy, Evolution and Activities of life)

 

 
Today’s Objectives 1.    New species in class

2.    Chapter 7 Idea of Taxonomy

3.    This weeks mission: Taxonomy and Scientific method

 

 
Topic

Number One

How and why do we classify things

Lets visit some sites to answer this question

 

http://anthro.palomar.edu/animal/animal_1.htm

 

https://socratic.org/questions/why-is-classification-important-in-biology

 

http://www.oum.ox.ac.uk/thezone/animals/animalid/classify.htm

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vqxomJIBGcY

 

What terms are being used?

What techniques are being discussed?

What things in your life could you classify and why?

Does the method of classification include biochemistry?

Does the method of classification include activities of life?

 

In class classification challenge:

Using both text keys and activity hand out, classify the plants in room411

 

 

 

 
Topic

Number Two

Growing a Plant

You seed should be growing.

Please transfer the seed to a pot and start collecting data.

At this point in time, you need to keep your watering to just twice a week. Keep a record of this.

Look at new features of your plant and start to make quantitative and qualitative observations.

Begin to decide how to experiment with your plant (see ideas below)

 

 

 
Topic

Number Three

·      Working on your worksheet 19-25 plus 44

·      We will be creating an activity next class to decide what information is good material for a quiz.

·      See quizzes below

 

 
Text book Ref

 

Chapter 1 and chapter 7  
Online Plant project ideas

https://www.thoughtco.com/plant-project-ideas-373334

 

Practice quizzes on introductory ideas

http://www.biologyjunction.com/intro%20bio%20qz.html

 

Quizlet

https://quizlet.com/6991679/intro-to-biology-quiz-chapter-1-flash-cards/

 

Practice Multiple Choice

http://ca.mcqlearn.com/grade9/biology/introduction-to-biology.php

 

 
Homework List In Green duotang with a title page

Work so far

a)   History of biology time line

b)   Amino acid case study

c)   Growing a seed

d)   Worksheets (19-25)

e)   Worksheet 44

f)     Classifying 411 plants

 

 
Take home Three cool cartoons about life

http://www.rainbeforerainbows.com/comics.html

 

From Calvin and Hobbes

https://www.progressiveboink.com/2012/4/21/2912173/calvinhobbes

 

“Watcha doin’?”
“Looking for frogs.”
“How come?”
“I must follow the inscrutable exhortations of my soul.”
― Bill Watterson

 

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Bio 11 Lesson 4                                      Date Sept 15th 2017

 

 

Last lessons Objective

 

 

1.    Levels of organizations

2.    Activities of life

3.    Amino Acid Case Study

 

Eval
Today’s Objectives 1.    Hypothesis and day to day use

2.    Dealing with data

3.    Taxonomy, DNA and Activities of life

 

 
Topic

Number One

Topic : Hypothesis and variables

Sheet Number 19 and 20

What makes a hypothesis?

Note not just a guess but a testable prediction

 

A formal hypothesis must include “If” and “then”

A hypothesis should be a testable idea.

“If” is the independent variable

“then” is the dependent variable

When graphing data that evolves from this hypothesis, the independent variable is the Y axis and the dependent variable .

 

For example :

If plant x is given nutrient then it will grow.

Data for this experiment would be a measurement of height (on the y axis) and the time you made the measurement would be on the x axis. Now you would a graph that could show change of length of stem, leaf or even width of stem and link that to time.

 

Youtube on hypothesis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=toXn1iFaBzQ

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DPbifwCKfU8

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtdiMUwWX0k

 

what is a controlled experiment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3ZB2RTylR4

 

 

 

 
Topic

Number Two

Devising experiments

 

Dealing with Data Sheet 22,

Continuing the challenge to make a seed “germinate”

Converting data to graphs.

Y axis is the independent variable

X axis is a constant such as time.

 

Interpreting graphs via shape or slope.

 

A conclusion in a lab should include

1)    Experimental Error

2)    How did you hypothesis compare to the results

3)    A new variable to test

 

 

Experimental design

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tK2mBsSb3uw

 

 

Interpreting data

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0JqukouOtZA

 

cricket lab

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qIQ-1SSvo6Q

 

 
Topic

Number Three

Reporting results and drawing conclusions

 

What is the difference between raw data and interpreting data?

 

Compare your hypothesis to results.

Compare interpreting data and link to current ideas

Discuss experimental error

What would you do for the next experiment

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9xnGb5ofKnM

 

 

 
Text book Reference

 

Chapter One

 

 

 

 
Online and You tube Reference  

Measuring duck weed

http://www.saps.org.uk/secondary/teaching-resources/669

 

History of Biology Video Game

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kggsmUoKtBQ

 

History of Bio

http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2woy8i?GK_FACEBOOK_OG_HTML5=1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Homework So far

1)    Biology History

2)    Case study amino acids

3)    Work sheets in order

 

 
   
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