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Anatomy and Physiology:How does a cell work?

How does a cell work?

You mission is to make three detailed diagrams of organelles and building blocks to make”

a) Pathway from Nucleus to cell membrane to make a protein.

b) Pathway to make a complex fat (such as steroids) and or detoxifying an alcohol to make a fat.

c) Pathway into and out of a mitochondria.

 

Step one:

Make a labelled two dimensional drawing of organelles involved for three pathways.

Step two:

Include building block to make specific biomolecules and also show where these building block come from.

For example: Lysosome to make amino acids that are then transported to ribosomes to make protein.

Step Three

For cellular respiration you should include pathways (by name) within the mitochondria matrix. Also show construction of ATP including ATPase and concentration gradient. In one half of mitochondria show what is going into the mitochondria, on the second half, discuss what is being constructed and then released from the mitochondria.

Not that you should pay attention to all molecules including: biomolecules, water, hydrogen and possible ions.

This sheet will be used to answer specific multiple choice questions.

It should be prepared for next class.

 

Please look at the following to get a better understanding of working of cell

Mitochondria

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/structure-of-a-cell/tour-of-organelles/v/mitochondria-video

Smooth ER

Mitochondria

 

cheers.

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Lesson 7: Anatomy and Physiology Sept 18, 2019 Lipids and Proteins

Anatomy and Physiology 12  ( L7)  Sept Lesson Wednesday 18

 

Intro Content Evaluations and Resource
Topic One Biology is a story

“Feed the good wolf”

“Make tea”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__cdpyF5nLk

https://www.facebook.com/notes/tanata-taraobed/drinking-tea-when-theres-no-way-out-ajahn-brahm/706340452739795/

 

Topic Two Lipid structure and function Lipid notes

In class power point

Khan Academy

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/macromolecules/lipids/v/lipid-overview

Bowman Biology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VGHD9e3yRIU

 

Topic Three Whoops with lipids, trans fats and steriods Video on trans fats

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnDtfGJXSHA

Video on steroids

Pro and Cons

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXaDDa3FB5Q

Role of Cholesterol

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0U7YHRW5dyc

 

Topic Four Intro to Proteins Khan academy / Protein Structure

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/macromolecules/proteins-and-amino-acids/v/overview-of-protein-structure

Bomen Biology/ Proteins

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Jgb_DpaQhM&t=99s

 

Take home   You are what you eat. Take time to feed the good wolf and when stressed..drink a cup of tea! Now..study up on functions of protein.

 

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 Feb 2018 Timeline

Bio 12 Time Line

 

 

Date Lesson Topics Activity Assessment
Feb 1   Digestion Activity focusing on

Enzymes

Stomach hormones

Large intestines.

2 Hand outs

rabbit hole

What is ciliac disorder and is there a link to menopause?

 
5th Pig Dissection External Anatomy and internal viscera

 

Virtual pig dissection

https://www.whitman.edu/academics/departments-and-programs/biology/virtual-pig

 

 
7th Pig Dissection Internal anatomy

 

 
9 Intro to Circulatory “the pipes”

circulation flow

Basics of arteries, veins and capillary. (Blood vessels)

 

Cross section of vessels and flow rate and pulse

 

Two circuits of flow

 

Notes Page 1

 

3 specific diagrams and graphs

 

Pig Lab Quiz

Power point

 

14 Heart Heart Anatomy

Cardiac Flow

Cardiac Cycle

Heart Beat

EKG

Page 2-3

 

Digestion Quiz

(MC 28 questions)

 

16 Circulatory 2 Study guide for Heart and blood flow

Vascular pathways

Blood pressure and pulse

 

Digestion Exam
21 Circ 3

 

Lymphatic system

Fetal Blood flow

Cardiac and systemic pathology

 

 
23 Circ 4 Study guide for exam

 

Circulatory Quiz
27 Circ to Blood Hand out notes for Blood Circulatory Exam

 

 

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 (17-18) Chapter 4 Membranes Oct 26,2017

Bio 12 (16-17) L14                              Date: Oct 26

 

Last lessons

 

Class Notes or Information

1.   Cell membrane structures

 

 

 

Today’s Objective 1.   Osmosis, what is the difference between diffusion and facilitated diffusion?

2.   Work sheet on Organelles and Osmosis questions

3.   Selectively permeable membrane worksheet

 
Topic

Number One

To answer the question for objective number one and to provide information to solve topic 3 challenge

 

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/membranes-and-transport/passive-transport/a/diffusion-and-passive-transport

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK21592/

 

https://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBooktransp.html

 

 

http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0020621.html

 

From this information, what do you notice?

 

Two options!

 

 
Topic

Number Two

In preparation for dialysis lab

 

Semi permeable verse Selectively Permeable

Movement across membranes with proteins

 

Modeling membranes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NC8pIzNzqrc

 

Comparison Youtube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yU4otyMhjHU

 

Analogy youtube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNtHYnL6rT0

 

 

 
Topic

Number Three

Passive, Facilitated verses Active transport

 

Step one: Passive compared to Active

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kfy92hdaAH0

 

nice graphic analogy of kayaking as a way to compare active to passiv transport

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1636lRv2uGE

 

 

A good English video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UgN76naeA1Q

 

A..um..written powerpoint.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kLLWt6Ru-bY

 

A..hands on verbal description

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hpECyJbtQ38

 

 

 
Text Reference Chapter Three

Cell organelle practice quizzes

·      https://www.biologycorner.com/quiz/qz_cell.html

·      http://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=cell-organelles-their-functions

·      http://anatomycorner.com/cell/cell_quiz.html

·      http://www.sciencegeek.net/Biology/review/U1Organelles.htm

·      http://www.cellsalive.com/quiz1.htm

 

 
Google hunt Cell metabolism and organelles

·      http://www.edu.pe.ca/gray/class_pages/rcfleming/cells/notes.htm

·      http://biology.tutorvista.com/animal-and-plant-cells/organelles.html

·      http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/301notes1.htm

 

 

 
Class Notes References    
Take Home message

 

 

We need to discover which makes a better French fry. Soak the whole potato with skin in salt water

Soak cut slices of potatoes in salt water

Soak cut slices of potatoes in fresh water

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 L 6 (17-18) Cells

Bio 12 (17-18) L 6                             Date: Sept 26 2017

 

Last lessons Objective

 

1.    Nucleic acid to ATP, RNA and DNA  
Today’s Objective a)    Practice quiz identifying biomolecules

b)   How to study productively

c)    Introduction to the cell

 

 
Topic

Number One

Review of structure and function of biomolecules

 

 
Topic

Number Two

How to study productively

Studying is a balance between what you do and why you do it.

·      If you change the reason why you study, then you will also change what you do.

·      If you start study sessions with an objective to learn and take a quiz to discover what you do not know, then after a study session you can note how much you have processed by retaking the same evalutation.

·      Text books already have questions within each chapter to focus your attention on the specific information that could answer the questions within the text.

·      Information can be ranked from finding a simple fact by asking “what”.

·      As you change the question from what to how or why, you need find more evidence to answer the question.

·      Making to notes to memorize limits the depth of information you can discover.

·      Linking facts together fact with facts can be used explain both how and why,

·      The objective of each study session should be to evolve from simple whats to hows and whys.

·      Remember..the mind is like a parachute, it only works if it is open.

·      When you study, open your path of inquiry

 

 
Topic

Number Three

Introduction to the Cell

a)    The cell Theory

https://www.thoughtco.com/cell-theory-373300

 

b)   Myths about cells (shape and types)

A cool story

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129934828

 

c)    Importance of surface area to volume

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xuG4ZZ1GbzI

 

d)   Life inside and outside of the cell

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wJyUtbn0O5Y

 

 

 

 
Text Reference Chapter 3

Google Inquiry to life chapter three power point and download.

 

 

 
You tube Reference Really cool stuff!

 

Cells Alive Site (videos, quizzes and more..oh my)

https://www.cellsalive.com

 

 

Cell structure

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=URUJD5NEXC8

 

Cell structure and function

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HBvfBB_oSTc

 

BBC The cell:the hidden kingdom

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDuwkdQzb2g

 

BBC secret of life

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qNliacSzFks

 

 

 
Class Notes References New set of class notes handed out

 

Link for Cell Bio Notes

http://www.gallantsbiocorner.com/uploads/9/1/3/5/9135671/cell_notes.pdf

 

Answer Key for review notes

 

Find the review sheet first…was posted in last lesson

 

http://www.gallantsbiocorner.com/uploads/9/1/3/5/9135671/cell_membrane_-_review_worksheet_key.pdf

 

 

New References to practice tests. (Thanks David!)

They are two websites that have quizzes based on the textbook we use. Both links are the same, it’s just a preference of HTML formatting because link 2 has a “nicer” format.

 

If you click on Link 1, it’s pretty easy to navigate at first glance.

 

Link 2 is a bit trickier, and you’ll need to look on the left side of the page, then click on the drop-down box to select the chapter.

 

Link 1) http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/genbio/maderinquiry/quiz.html

 

Link 2) http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/0072421975/student_view0/index.html

 

 

 
Take Home message

 

 

To be inspired…you need to let go of those things that make you uninspired.
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 L 6 (2017-18) Sept 20

Bio 12 L6 (2017-18)                           Date: Sept 19th 2017

 

Last lessons Objective Class Notes or Information

1.   Proteins and bonds

2.   Protein functions and denaturing

3.   Introduction to nucleic acids

 

Evaluations

 

 

Today’s Objective 1.   Big Picture

2.   PPT for Chapter Two

3.   The next step “Cells” Chapter 3

 
Topic

Number One

Nutrition and Metabolism

http://www2.highlands.edu/academics/divisions/scipe/biology/faculty/harnden/2122/notes/metab.htm

 

Pleae note the role of these molecules in metabolism.

Sugars

Fats

Protein

Nucleic Acids

Note that all four biomolecules have a link to energy.

Note that glucose makes 38 ATP molecules

 

 

 

 
Topic

Number Two

Three versions of chapter 2 powerpoint, you will need to download.

https://www.google.ca/search?safe=strict&client=safari&channel=mac_bm&dcr=0&source=hp&q=Inquiry+to+life+power+point+for+chapter++two&oq=Inquiry+to+life+power+point+for+chapter++two&gs_l=psy-ab.3…3709.17323.0.17714.44.44.0.0.0.0.186.3164.38j5.43.0….0…1.1.64.psy-ab..1.33.2319…0j0i131k1j0i22i30k1j33i22i29i30k1j33i21k1j33i160k1.0.JkylzjzFBaQ

 

 

Practice quiz for Chapter Two

Mader

http://www.mhhe.com/cgi-bin/webquiz.pl

 

Quizlet

https://quizlet.com/4266469/inquiry-into-life-chapter-2-flash-cards/

 

 
Topic

Number Three

Please download

Raycroft notes and worksheets

Notes

http://www.gallantsbiocorner.com/uploads/9/1/3/5/9135671/cell_notes.pdf

 

Worksheet

http://www.gallantsbiocorner.com/uploads/9/1/3/5/9135671/raycroft_membrane_worksheet.pdf

 

 

 

 
Text Reference Chapter Two

Molecules of life

 

 
You tube Reference Chemistry of life

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EfUTymAeWRk

 

Chemical Bonds

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QXT4OVM4vXI

 

Nutrition and Metabolism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fR3NxCR9z2U

 

Bioenergetics by Bozeman

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nDCxIpiI7-Y&list=PL9FF254FEE374B71C

 

 

 
Class Notes References

and home work

Study for multiple choice quiz on Friday.

 

 

 

 
Take Home message

 

 

Life…requires free energy yet cell phones and Netflix do not apply. Evaluation Next Class

 

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 L4 (2017-18)

Bio 12 L4 (2017-18)                   Date: Sept 14th 2017

 

Last lessons Objective Class Notes or Information

1.   Sugars

2.   Fats

3.   Other funchtion of CHO’s

Evaluations

 

 

Today’s Objective 1.   Amino Acids

2.   Peptide Bond

3.   3 levels of proteins

 

Topic

Number One

An amino acid is recognized by both an amine and an acid group.

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amino_acid

 

 

Notice that there are four specific groups

While there are many variations of “R” groups, there are a limited number of essential amino acids. These are amino acids that the body does not make.

 

Some videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cyh6mo2AeaU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=391TXlzbWo8

 

Foods high is essential amino acids

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMx8XsMH-nM

 

 

 

Topic

Number Two

The peptide bond and the making of protein

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pmQuNRHJMw4

 

Making and breaking the peptide bond

 

Topic

Number Three

Four levels of protein shapes are linked to their function.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Jgb_DpaQhM

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iDVR1TB1X9w

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7dxi4ob2O4

 

Which groups are linked to each level?

What or how are proteins denatured?

How does structure change as the moves up a level?

What are some examples of cell structures linked to level of structure?

 

Levels

1

2

3

4

 

 

Text Reference Chapter Two

Molecules of life

 

You tube Reference  

chemistry for biologists

http://www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/cfb/index2.htm

 

Other reasons to study biology in high school

http://seniorsecondary.tki.org.nz/Science/Rationale/Why-study-biology

 

Class Notes References

and home work

In class work sheet

 

 

 

Take Home message

 

 

John the motor protein.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tMKlPDBRJ1E

 

Evaluation Next Class

 

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 L2 (2017-18)

Bio 12 L2                             Date: Sept 12th 2017

 

Last lessons Objective Class Notes or Information

 

1.   Types of bonds

2.   Inorganic and water

3.   Water and solutions

 

Evaluations

 

 

Today’s Objective 1.   Carbohydrates and energy

2.   Fats and multiple roles

3.   Link to hydrolysis and synthesis

 

 
Topic

Number One

Monomer, is a single unit and carbon molecules

 

Sugar ratio: C6H12O6

Linear verses ring interpretation

Notes

http://www.sparknotes.com/health/carbohydrates/section1.html

https://hubpages.com/education/Biomoleculescarbohydrates

 

Diversity of mono verses polysaccrides

https://www.thoughtco.com/carbohydrates-373558

 

Role of glucose in metabolism

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate_metabolism

 

Sugar and hydroxyl groups

http://study.com/academy/lesson/hydroxyl-group-definition-structure-quiz.html

 

The sugar debate

http://www.cnn.com/2016/12/19/health/sugar-guidelines-debate/index.html

 

Gunner Zone

 

What is the affect of switching hydroxyl groups in sugars

https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Principles_of_Biochemistry/The_Carbohydrates:_Monosaccharides,_Disaccharides_and_Polysaccharides

 

Cellular Energy (Gunner information)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vUph1bVGSUo

 

 

 

 

 

 
Topic

Number Two

Long term energy: Fats and lipids

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/04/130423102127.htm

 

Fatty acid structure: saturated and unsaturated

Animal and plant fats

LDL and HDL

 

Triglyceride

Phospholipids

Steriods

 

Diversity of Lipid structures and functions

 

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/04/130423102127.htm

 

https://www.thoughtco.com/lipids-373560

 

 

 
Topic

Number Three

Water and sugar or fats

Polar verses non polar

Tonicity and saturation

 

 

 
Text Reference Chapter Two

Molecules of life

 

 
You tube Reference Bozeman

http://www.bozemanscience.com/chemical-bonds-covalent-vs-ionic/

 

chemistry for biologists

http://www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/cfb/index2.htm

 

Other reasons to study biology in high school

http://seniorsecondary.tki.org.nz/Science/Rationale/Why-study-biology

 

 
Class Notes References In class work sheet

Powerpoint

 

 
Take Home message

 

 

 
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Biology 12 Lesson 1 (2017-18)

Biology 12 L-1                     Date: Sept 6th 2017

 

Last lessons Objective Class Notes or Information

 

1.   Summer time life styles verses grade 12

Eval

 

 

Today’s Objective 1.   Getting “squared away

2.   intro to class

3.   Chapter Two Chemistry

 

Topic

Number One

Welcome to Biology 12

 

·      What is squared away?

http://www.phrases.org.uk/bulletin_board/28/messages/296.html

 

Squared Away In good shape, everything in place, prepared.

 

Near the end of the eighteenth century, sailors began to extend the verb by adding away. The combination took on a sense of getting moving or travelling directly to some destination without delay or deviation.

 

·      Redefining “gunner”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mrlnh3vebSc

·

·      Our mission is “G.S.D.” (Get Stuff Done)

·      What is a “concept”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8fKU9LZ2kw

 

So what is physiology?

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/248791.php

 

Topic

Number Two

Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry

·      How “concepts” are linked together?

 

·      Matter makes energy.

·      Matter is held together by electron glue

·      You are a combination of molecules and cells that have not clue what “you” is.

·      What is a chemical bond? (At least five types)

 

Topic

Number Three

Inorganic and organic Chemistry

Introduction to water

How many properties of water are there?

 

Which properties are linked to hydrogen bonds?

Which properties are linked to covalent bonds?

 

Properties of water

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eNSnj4ZfZ8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVT3Y3_gHGg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6HxHK-5VAY

 

Text Reference Chapter Two

Molecules of life

 

You tube Reference Unseeable Biology

https://www.ted.com/talks/drew_berry_animations_of_unseeable_biology?language=en

 

Class Notes References Making Cornell Notes

http://www.wikihow.com/Take-Cornell-Notes

 

Youtube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtW9IyE04OQ

 

Youtube 2 (Note taking)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSYnGhlnzyw

 

 

Pre Chapter Quiz

https://www.mheducation.ca/school/learningcentres/mod/quiz/attempt.php?id=21072

 

Online Quiz Practice

https://quizlet.com/4266469/inquiry-into-life-chapter-2-flash-cards/

 

Mader Multiple Choice

http://www.mhhe.com/cgi-bin/webquiz.pl

 

 

Take Home message

 

 

“circumstance does not make the (hu)man, it reveals them”

 

Tough times don’t last, tough people do

http://scientificbrains.com/4-ways-to-accquire-navy-seals-mental-toughness/

 

Evaluation Next Class
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 (2016-17) Brain Lab 25th May

Bio 12 (2016-17) Brain lab                                                 Date: May 25th

 

Last lessons Objective 1.   Exterior labeling of the Brain Evaluations

 

Today’s Objective 1.   Anatomy of the lower Central Nervous System

2.   From primitive brain to neucortex

3.   Limbic and Addiction Assignment

4.   Quiz Nervous system next Class

 

 
TopicOne The emotional brain and limbic region

https://www2.bc.edu/christopher-kenaley/bio4260/4260.study.guide.exam3.pdf

Brain notes

http://www.cogsci.ucsd.edu/~pineda/COGS107A/studyguide/COGS107ALocationterminology.pdf

Video from Khan Academy

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/executive-systems-of-the-brain/emotion-2014-03-27T18:40:38.294Z/v/emotions-limbic-system

 

 
Topic

Two

Evolution of the brain

·      http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/d/d_05/d_05_cr/d_05_cr_her/d_05_cr_her.html

·      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_the_brain

·      http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-has-human-brain-evolved/

 

 
Topic

Three

Clues for Drug Action Worksheet

Key terminology

a)   inhibitors

b)   action potential

c)    acetylcholine

http://www.naturalnews.com/036778_GABA_brain_health_nervous_system.html#

d)   See cheat sheet for GABA

http://www.naturalnews.com/036778_GABA_brain_health_nervous_system.html#

e)   Dopamine

f)     Noradrenaline

 

 

Link to function and structures of the brain

https://quizlet.com/52163558/psy-362-sheep-brain-flash-cards/

 

 
Text Ref  

Mader “Inquiry to life”

 

 
You tube http://www.thestandrecovery.com/brain-science-what-like-its-hard/

 

 

 
Class Notes  

 

 

 

 
Take Home msg

 

 

Next Class quiz on Neurons to CNS

 

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments