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Archive for April, 2016

Biology 12 April 27th 2016

Biology 12 Lesson Outline                             Date April 27th, 2016



Last lessons Objective



·      How the body maintains homeostasis with the excretory system

Today’s Objectives 1.   Blood and Circulatory System Exam

2.   Kidney and renal disorder powerpoint challenge


Number Two


You have been asked to provide a simple powerpoint presentation with only three slides!


Select a kidney disease or disorder that starts with the same letter as your last name.



On the first slide, have a diagram to show where your disease takes place in the kidney and explain how the kidney should work in normal conditions.


On your second slide provide:

Picture (if possible) Symptoms and possible cures for you disorder or disease.


Make sure to include, biblio and your name on the third slide.


Next Class Nephron Lab activity

·      Using you nephron data sheet, you and a partner will have to label a nephron, showing all normal processes and structures.

·      You will then select a printout of a patient’s urine analysis.

·      On your diagram, you will identify where the nephron is not working and explain other possible symptoms that the patient may show.

·      other symptoms using the following links






Next Evaluation Kidney quiz on Tuesday  
Text book Reference


Chapter on Kidneys  
You tube Reference Kidney Stone Video

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mlb9Olw7tQk

·      http://www.kidneystoneclinic.com.au/laser-stone-video.html

Kidney Transplants

·      http://webcasts.umm.edu/videos/kidney-transplant-educational-video

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jct8X5OWTD4

Kidney Dialysis

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MyWcEfT6D44

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKlY2SKi_dk

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfNKyPTc_6E



Take Home Message Be good to you self and your kidneys will thank you!  
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Biology 12 April 21 2016

Biology 12 Lesson Outline                             Date April 21st, 2016



Last lessons Objective



·      Intro to the excretory system



·      Basic anatomy of the system and parts of the kidney



·      Introduction to the nephron


Today’s Objectives 1.   Function one of the excretory systems, get rid of waste or how to make a hypertonic solution

2.   Pressure filtration

3.   Selective reabsorption

4.   Where the salt goes…

5.   Selective tubular excression





How to make urine..

Step one



Step one..to make a good coffee..you need pressure



Number Two

Step two absorption in the proximal tubule

How that stuff is moved back into the blood



getting it back



Number Three

Where the salt goes..



note passive and active transport!

and onto tubular..totally tubular secretion



Text book Reference


So checking the text..can you write in point form the three stages of making urine?   Can you recall information about active and passive transport? Is there a link about making a hypertonic solution?


You tube Reference So here is a detailed story from Yale..







Take Home Message Imagine, without batteries, nerve ending or muscles, we make urine..easy as 1 2 3, a b c…lets make a fluid and call it pee!  


posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Biology 11 April 25th

Biology 11 Lesson Outline                                      Date April 25th



Last lessons Objective



Introduction to Animals

Today’s Objectives 1.   Ben’s Beach

2.   Activities of life and diagrams

3.   Filter Feeding and making an efficient study guide.


Make study guides

Number One

Ben’s Beach


On a bench in the room we have two specimens

Your mission is to photograph and measure the specimens


You are then to look up the organisms and try and identify what the organisms are.



Number Two

Welcome to the world of Porifera



An edutainment video



Lets say you google”video and porifera” and you get this



Is this a good source of information?

Does the video begin with a happy song and tries to baffle you with lots of words?


Before viewing the video, check the reference…it could be some one’s bio project and they have not checked their facts…porifera are no radial!


So when you sniff out information online, always question the source!



What if the information is too detailed yet really informative?


Now you have a video to point out some of the basic terminology and processes.


As you listen to the video, do you see or hear the words used on your study guide.


What diagrams are they using? What processes are they focusing on?



let the video cycle and see what other information follows



Your mission is to filter just like a sponge! Can you find data and videos to answer seven basic questions about their biology.



Using your filter skills create a study guide for cnidarians and porifera. Use a legal size piece of paper.


Prior to making your study guide, look at your text and attempt to fill gap notes. Notice how the gap notes are organized to focus both on activities of life and big idea. Check out answer key in class before the next class.




Number Three


The purpose of a “cheat sheet” is to provide a framework or map to answer more challenging questions.


The number one challenge to making a good study guide is to how to take an inherent curiosity and make an organized “map” to show your journey.


Visual aids

A)   if you were to find a drawing of a basic porifera, what would it show?


B)   It show structures and you need to show how those structures are linked to functions.



C)  Perhaps you should have a flow chart to show a process. For example what are the cells involved in the process of digestion or reproduction.

D)  c) It could be a graph, to show how the process changes with time. For example how cellular respiration.


A)   it is a waste of space to have definitions with out a means to put those definitions to work. For example: Porifera Reproduction is both asexual and sexual. What is missing is what do porifera use for both processes and why one is used verses the other. If you are going to write down definitions, always link them to other term and use them in an example.

B)   Create your own definition. Look up several definitions in the text, online and even youtube. Then create a definition that you could use perhaps with a definition.

C)  Memorizing is not learning. If you observe a thing, how can that observation be linked to either an activity of life or a big idea in biology.


Lets say that you are making a map. What would you include on that map? Would you have a compass direction? Would you show a possible path to follow. What are the landmarks that you are hoping to include to get from point A to B.


Consider the following

Consider that a big idea is much like a large city. It has connections to all the suburbs with highways, trains, airport. We understand these “ideas” by what “observations” support them. How can going one way get us to the city. How can an observation support or challenge an idea?



Now does you study guide include information found on these videos

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RmPTM965-1c&list=PLFF5FEEA48AF4A163

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5K0gRrowTyA&list=PLFF5FEEA48AF4A163&index=3

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3MXGBe6kO4I


Text book Reference


Page 305


Online and You tube Reference  

Examples of how to make a good study guide

·      http://www.wikihow.com/Create-Study-Guides

·      http://takelessons.com/blog/how-to-create-study-guides

·      http://study.com/academy/lesson/how-to-make-a-study-guide.html




Online References for Porifera (remember to filter)


·      http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/porifera/porifera.html

·      http://www.biologyjunction.com/sponges__cnidarian_notes_b1.htm

·      http://schleyscience.weebly.com/uploads/4/8/2/0/4820956/ch_7_notes_-_porifera.pdf

·      http://home.cse.edu/~ikessler/bio2/biolec18.html


What are common facts or observations and how are they linked to large “big ideas”?

What happens when notes are “streamlined” or edited?


Online References for Cnidaria


Deep end info



Shallow end info



Popular blog



Old school…the encyclopedia





Comparing Cnidaria to Porifera




Take Home Message In math..the solution is to follow the rules, BEDMAS and find the answer…perhaps in the book.


In physics, the solution is..break the problem into separate steps, use the formula and do not spend time online seeking you question ..answers may be in the back of the book.


In Chemistry..well a solution is a mixture of both solvent and solute, it has properties and is generated by the magic of water as a universal solvent. Look for terms like tonicity,ph,rules and rules that are broken..


In Biology..a solution is to listen to the story, identify both observations and link them to concepts. It is a challenge to question what may or may not be appearing in front of your eyes. Can you identify bovine feces? The glossary is in the back of the book.


Thank you Simon


posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Biology 11 ( For your resource sheets!) April 21

Biology 11 Lesson Outline                                      Date April 21th



Last lessons Objective



Turning over a new leaf

Today’s Objectives  

1.   Gymnosperm Quizzes

2.   Angiosperm Quiz

3.   Welcome to the world of animals




Number One


Gymnosperm resources to make a better “resource” sheet


Powerpoints and note



All these found at google. Type in gymnosperm powerpoints. If you click on Title ( blue font) the powerpoint will download information to your computer


Chapter 18 Gymnosperms



1   Cached

2   Similar

Gymnosperms. Chapter 18. Two major groups of vascular plants: A. Seedless plants – reproduce via spores. B. Seed plants – reproduce via seeds. 1. Seed = a  …




Lecture 12: Gymnosperms and Angiosperms



1   Cached

Introduction – Gymnosperm means “naked seed” (From the Greek: gymnos … The seeds of the gymnosperms lack a protective enclosure (unlike flowering plants …



Gymnosperms PowerPoint Templates – Boundless

www.boundless.com › … › Biology PowerPoint Templates › Seed Plants


1   Cached

Gymnosperms PowerPoint template, based on college intro-level Biology content . All Boundless PowerPoints are free to edit, share, and use in your class.







1   Cached

2   Similar

Gymnosperms. Spring 2010. Outline. Review of land plant phylogeny; Characters of seed plants; Gymnosperm phylogeny & diversity. Gnetophytes; Cycads …




Can you download “gymnosperm quiz” from Science teachers.com?


Are you able to have unique facts about all the gymnosperm species?


Can you answer how gymnosperms have adapted to living in both deserts and mountians?


Do you have a generic and specific life cycle with information on pollination and gameto and spermato phyte adaptions?


Work together as a group yet have your own unique strategy for putting down information for your self.


Number Two


These will be multiple choice questions. Remember that Angiosperms are the masters of adaption. How have they changed fertilization and pollination to make fruit? What are the names of all the structures they have used to adapt? Why have angiosperms become so successful in adapting?


For both gymno and angio worksheets, get quizlet info yet realize a lot of this stuff is for what level questions.


Number Three

Welcome to the world of multicellular animals and invertebrates! Will update in class.


We will have a worksheet and powerpoint to introduce this unit!


What are charuacteristics of an animal?





Basic question to ponder..

Plant have tissues, hormones, and unique life cycles to get water and to reproduce. They also make their own energy.


So you are now an animal. How do you get your food? How do you digest that food? How do you coordinate a new group of tissues to move? These and many other cool questions are now on the table.


Make sure to sign up for “biobucks”. Notice new visitors in the classroom and see what happened with pea plants!

Text book Reference


Chapter on

Terrestrial Plants

Introduction to animals

Porifera and Cnidarians


You tube Reference What is an invertebrate?








Take Home Message ·      It can be fun to adapt..  


posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline,Biology Eleven Notes and have No Comments

Science 10 April 22,2016

Science Ten Lesson                                     Friday the 22nd, 2016


From Last Class Review for Pretest

Please see separate Review Page

Topic 1 Alive or not?

Prior to reading chapter one


View the following Youtube videos





Can you..

Identify six activities that all living things do?


A simple activity to do!




What is the difference between inductive and deductive?



How does biology do both types of reasoning?



How to study biology I have selected university and high school sites.

Please know the strategies are pretty much the same.

Please take and peak and give me some feedback


·      https://www.butte.edu/cas/tipsheets/studystrategies/studybio.html

·      http://www.howtostudy.org/resources_subject.php?id=4

·      http://www.wikihow.com/Study-for-Biology

·      http://www.vpul.upenn.edu/lrc/lr/PDF/studying%20bio%20(W).pdf



Topic Two Starting with 1.1

So where do we begin the journey of learning about life?

If we looked at all living things we could organize our observations

The size of the living thing or how that living thing relates to non living things.

1.1 Starts with the frontier of living and non living things.



Please note the levels of organization below.

Please put each on a cue card and give your own definition and an example.

Where do we start to consider the interactions between living and non living things?



Levels of organization

When we look at small things we go from:

·      Energy

·      Atoms and molecules

·      Biomolecules

·      Cells

·      Tissues

·      Organs

·      Systems


When we look at larger mixed living and non living we go from

·      Species

·      Population

·      Community

·      Ecosystem

·      Biomes


And now an youtube from team batman



Topic Three So we are about to look at living and non living things in the classroom!


The question is..”How can we take observations and convert them into ideas and or theories?”.


Hear are some some suggestions






Take home msg “Life is stranger than biology textbooks.”

David Rains Wallace, The Untamed Garden and Other Personal Essays

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Science 10,Science Ten Lessons and have No Comments

Bio 12 April 9 2016

Biology 12 Lesson Outline                             Date April 9th, 2016



Last lessons Objective



·      Review for Circulatory Exam

·      Blood Quick Quiz

·      Blood pressure verse osmotic pressure

Today’s Objectives  

1.   Circulatory Exam

2.   Intro to Respiration Unit: Air enters the sinuses and we begin breathing and smell.

3.   Breathing is not the same as respiration. Why?




Structures of the Respiratory System


Videos on Respiratory System




Circulatory and Respiratory System



Please note both form and function.


This will be important when reviewing disorders and disease within respiratory system




Number Two

Lung Capacity

How do we describe the volume of air entering and leaving the lungs?



Lung capacity in five minutes



Place make sure to see how lung capacity is both a summative and subtractive value. Great area for multiple choice questions.




Number Three

Breathing Mechanism




Video references




Please note that there is a back up response involving oxygen levels verse carbon dioxide level


Notes online

Role of Chemoreceptors



Normal Breathing



Powerpoint on regulation of respiration



Text book Reference


Graph for Volume


Read on Internal and external respiration


See diagram on board for blood test question

You tube Reference  

See above


Take Home Message Breathing is not respiration. One activity is an active muscle based process and the other is a passive exchange of gases.

There are two types of respiration, internal and external.

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Biology 11 April 9th

Biology 11 Lesson Outline                                      Date April 9th



Last lessons Objective


·      Lower Plants Test

·      Germination Lab

·      Gymnosperm Note Sheet

Today’s Objectives 1.   Flowers

2.   Leaves

3.   Stems


Number One

What are the basic structures that identify a flower?

Is a flower a haploid or diploid structure?


Flower lab

After picking a flower

Make a drawing of the flower from the outside

Make a drawing of a cross section of the flower

Label structures

make qualitative observations,

example colour, shape, smell

make quantitative measurements

example: count the number of petals, measure length and widths.


On the back answer the following questions and cite and write reference.

a)   What are some myths or stories about apples?

b)   What are some different ways that humans use apples?

c)    How do humans make different species of apples? ( different agricultural techniques)

d)   Find a website about information about apples and explain why you like it.


Number Two

Leaf lab

Make a drawing of the apple leaf. Next class we will look at cross section.


Number Three

Comparing gymno to angio  
Text book Reference


Harvard PDF on Gymnosperms



Online and You tube Reference  

The following links are helpful for gathering data



Gymnosperm notes



Biology Junction Seed Plant Notes

biologyjunction and plant seeds









Taxonomy of plants



Berkley High Bio Notes




Cedar and first nation culture

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UiaYpwq96fY

·      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=95rPwCDHOCE&nohtml5=False

·      http://www.campbellrivermirror.com/news/228840111.html


Big Lonely Doug



Medicinal Plants




Study.com video and quiz



Gymnosperm notes



Practice evaluations

Pro Prof on gymnosperms

·      http://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=gymnosperms

·      http://www.mcqbiology.com/2012/10/mcq-on-gymnosperms.html#.VwbDSmPDbdk

·      http://fileserver.net-texts.com/asset.aspx?dl=no&id=149148






Take Home Message Dedication to my brother, Jason Carmichael



posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Science 10 April 12th

Science 10 Lesson Outline                            Date: April 12th, 2016


Last lessons Objectives


1)   Chapter 12 Review

2)   Volcanoes

3)   End of Chapter questions



Today’s Objective 1.   Key Concept Comparisons:

·      Heat verses temperature

·      Conduction, Radiation and Convection

·      Atmospheric Pressure verses High and low pressure

·      Weather verse climate

·      Sources of temperature change and precipitation


You need to find all these terms in your workbook, provincial guide and text book.





Number One

Comparing Energy, heat and temperature

There are two types of energy, what are they?

Thermal energy is a form of energy.

We can describe lots of thermal energy as Heat

Heat is a sum of?

What is the unit for heat?

What are the three types of heat transfer?

Can you give an example of three types of heat transfer?


The behavior of things getting hot or cold is explored in a topic called “thermodynamic”. There are distinct “laws” of thermodynamics.


Temperature is a measurement of “average speed of kinetic energy or average speed of molecules”. Temperature is a quantitative value.


Number Two

How do we define “Pressure”

Force per unit area is pressure

Types of pressure

Units of pressure

High verses low pressure


Number Three

·      Weather to Climate

·      Reading a weather map


Please do the following:

a)   View two online videos

b)   Select one online “interpreting weathermaps” activity

c)    Complete Seven Day weather assignment


Online Resources


BC Weather Forecast Map ( synoptic chart)



How to read a weather map



Wiki Youtube on How to read a weather map



Complete one of the following activities

Interpreting weather maps



Do weather map activity at this site



Any one of worksheets at this site on interpreting weather map





Seven Day Weather Assignment

Prior to starting this assignment you need to:

Locate online resources for local weather.

Environment Canada







Satellite Image




You need to complete activity on how to read a weather map

Compare Daily Weather to weather forecast.

You need to go to one location and look the same direction at the same time.

You need to record data

·      Temp

·      Precipitation

·      Barometric pressure

·      Wind strength and direction

·      Time

·      Direction you are facing to observe weather

You will compare your observations with weather forecast

You will record data and convert data into a weekly plot of data to make a graph.


1.   Did your daily weather match the forecast?

2.   What trend did you notice with temp, precipitation and pressure?

3.   What could have changed your daily weather in comparison to weather forecast?

4.   Was there a low or high pressure ridge or both?

5.   How is the wind direction related to the pressure system?

6.   How is the daily weather affected by the current season?





Online Resources Provincial guide..find sample questions  


Next Class Quiz ( Multiple Choice) no cue cards.

Next week will be unit test

We start chapter one!

Take home message    
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Science 10 and have No Comments

Science 10 April 6th 2016

Science 10 Lesson Outline                            Date: April 6th, 2016


Last lessons Objectives


1)   Mapping course

2)   Provincial Resources

3)   Layers of the earth



Today’s Objective 1.   What is seismic activity? Earth quakes

2.   What is volcanism? Volcanoes

3.   Comparing volcanoes to earthquakes


Number One

This is the story of how plates move when energy is released

From the University of Singapore!



What is the difference between body waves and surface waves? And between P-waves and S-waves?


Body waves travel through the interior of the Earth. On the other hand, surface waves propagate only at the interface between two different media, like the interface between Earth and atmosphere (i.e. the surface of the Earth).Body waves are of two types: Primary waves (also called P-waves, or pressure waves) and Secondary waves (S-waves, or shear waves).P-waves are compression waves. They can propagate in solid or liquid material S-waves are shear waves. They only propagate in solid material. By studying the trajectories of S-waves, scientists could prove that the Earth had a liquid outer core.


1.   Comparing seismic activity as waves (SPL)

2.   Why graph seismic activity as time verse distance? ( An online assignment)

·      It allows us to calculate epicenters of earthquakes! (http://home.wlu.edu/~kuehns/VirtualEarthquake.pdf

·      http://regentsprep.org/regents/earthsci/eqwaves.htm

·      http://www.oakton.edu/user/4/billtong/eas100lab/lab10quake.htm

(Select one of the three and put into duotang)


3.   Lets simplify..

·      Primary waves “push”. They are compression waves and are the fastest waves.

·      Secondary waves “sway sideways”. They are transverse waves. They are the second fastest.

·      L waves are like ripples on an pond. They cycle and are the slowest and yet the most dangerous. L for long time…longitudinal..late..and only occurring on surface of earth.



A cool graphic explaination of seismology!



Comparing seismic waves



Comparing S to P waves


Video and quz study.com





Number Two

Volcanism or Vulcanism..but no Mr Spock

This is the story of magma moving through plates

Some questions to consider

·      How are volcanoes formed and how many types are there?

·      What is the affect of volcanoes on the weather and climate?

·      How have volcanoes affected world civilizations?

A detailed explanation



And now the video version


In class video (complete version)




Number Three

How do we compare volcanoes to earthquakes?

Well both will generally affect your day..


Earthquakes are events occurring due to shifting of plates.

Volcanoes are magma moving and then being released between plates.


Comparing Volcanoes to Earthquakes..which is worse?


Interactive map of earthquakes and volcanoes



Heat transfer through different states of matter






Online Resources Condensed Sc 10 study guide


Previous exams and keys


Ms Chen answers the question..what to know by end of science 10





Next Class Work on seismic activity. (Topic One)

Work on worksheet questions 14-28

No quiz! Postponed to next Tuesday!

Take home message If you want to shake up your world or heat things up..study earth sciences.
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Science 10 and have No Comments

Science 10 April 4 2016

Science 10 Lesson Outline                            Date: April 4th, 2016


Last lessons Objectives


1)   Chapt 12

2)   Piecing together activity

3)   12.2 worksheet



Today’s Objective  

1.   Mapping Science 10

2.   Using provincial exam resources

3.   12.2 Layers of the earth and movement interactions of plates



Number One

1.   What is a map?

·      https://www.msnucleus.org/membership/html/jh/earth/mapstype/index.html

·      http://education.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/map/

Making a “Mind Map”

Mind map app




Number Two

Using the resources

You have both a workbook and an online resource to focus on course material.

One key skill is the ability to do multiple choice questions.

Basic tricks

a)   select the wrong answers and eliminate

b)   with the final two answers, select the questions that is correct all the time.

c)    Do not wobble..no second quesing question answer!

When studying information work through levels of learning by asking questions.

Simple inquiry

What, Where and When


What is a subduction zone. Notice that most answers are things or nouns.

How and why questions:

These questions involve explaining an event or thing using other concepts and actions. If you memorize the basic facts you are only getting half the story.


Number Three


Layers of the earth.

What are some common myths about the layers of the earth?

How do solids behave differently than liquids when they move?

How does energy move differently between a solid, liquid and a gas?


Myths about the earth



The earths layers



Heat transfer through different states of matter





Online Resources Condensed Sc 10 study guide


Previous exams and keys


Ms Chen answers the question..what to know by end of science 10





Next Class Quiz on vocab of chapter 10 and 11

Using provincial guide book

12.2 ideas, plate movement and layers of the earth.

Take home message Do not get stuck between a rock and hard place..Rock on!
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Science 10 and have No Comments