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Bio 11 (17-18) Oct 5

Biology 11 Lesson Outline                                      Date Oct 5th



Last lessons Objectives




Designing an experiment

Pre test review

Today’s Objectives  

1.   Exam

2.   Taxonomy for class plants

3.   Media board assignments





Number One

Part One of Introduction Evaluation

(Not including taxonomy)



Number Two

Room 411 has over 16 plants

You mission is to create a key to find the names of each plant.

You should:

·      Photograph the plants

·      Find a plant key to classify your plant

·      Note all plant structures to classify plants


Number Three


Each week we need to update the Room 411 Biognus bulletin board



1)   Media story with photo

2)   Cartoon

3)   Vocabulary for the week


For each category, you will need to consider the following


1)   Is the work neat and organized

2)   Include a feedback section regarding how it is linked to course content

3)   A critical thinking question and possible answer


Each student to do one of each assignment for full marks per term.
Text book Reference

Chapter 1 pg. 38-49


Class Notes

Chapter 7 Taxonomy

Chapter 2 Evidence of evolution



Class hand outs



You tube Reference How to write Cornell Notes




DNA and RNA (Amoeba Sisters)





Take Home Message  

You are what you eat.

Do not forget Vitamins


posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 11 Exam Review

Bio 11 Exam Review ( Introduction)


Topic Focus Questions
The studying of biology and science ·      How does a scientific inquiry begin?

·      Can scientific discoveries occur without an an experiment?

·      What are three conditions on earth that make it a good place for living things?

Scientific Method ·      What are three criteria for a hypothesis?

·      What is the difference between a theory and a law?

·      Are theories open to further study? Why?

·      A formal hypothesis always includes which two words?

·      The beginning of a theory always begin when scientist do what?

·      In order for a hypothesis to be valid, what must it be?

·      How do you outline an experiment?

·      What is a control?

·      What is a dependent and indepedant variable?

·      What are examples of qualitative and quantitative observations.

·      In an experiment where you are testing a variable, how many samples would you test?

Activities of life ·      How is reproduction linked to the idea of continuity?

·      If an animal uses a structural feature to move, how could this be linked to evolution?

·      Which activity of life is linked to the other five or six activities of life?

·      How is a living thing different than a non living thing?


Six Big Ideas ·      How is the idea of unity and diversity shown when comparing different species?

·      How is adaption linked to the ideas of evolution and changes with time?

·      What is another term to describe how living things maintain their chemical balance?

·      How would you describe the term continuity using an example?

·      What would be examples of the six big ideas?

·      What is unity and diversity and how could you explain it using examples of similar and different species?


Levels of organization ·      What is the smallest level of organization?

·      What is an organic molecule?

·      What is the definition of a population and how is it linked to the notion of a species?

·      How would you rank activites of life from a biome to a cell?

·      What power of a microscope would you use to examine a eukaryotic cell?

·      How can you define the term species verses a population? Could you give an example?

·      Is an ecosystem composed of just living things? (Can you provide an example?)

Fields of biological study ·      If some one is looking at the shape of a skull which field of biology are they studying?

·      If some one is looking at animals, which field of biology would they be in?

·      What would be the field of biology that explores how living things carry on their life activities?

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 11 Quiz One Review Notes

Quiz one: Review


Topic One:


Scientific method


  • A scientific inquiry always begins with an observation.
  • In an observation you can look for both quantitative and qualitative factors.
  • Now you proposes a hypothesis to explain your observations.
  • You may infer, looking at your observations, a possible cause and effect relationship.


Points about a hypothesis


  • It must be testable
  • It must be a tentative explaination of observed phenomena
  • As a formal hypothesis, it should include the word “if” for the independent variable and “then” for the dependent variable.
  • A hypothesis can be supported by testing that hypothesis


The process of the scientific method includes:

  • Observation
  • Hypothesis
  • Experiment
  • Theory
  • Law


All experiments are subject to change and can have experimental error.


In a controlled experiment, there is no experimental variable.


Within the scientific community experiments are given to scientific journals for peer review.


We will need to be aware of four theories

  • Evolutionary theory
  • Gene theory
  • Abiogenesis
  • Cell Theory



The study of how organisms are classified is called taxonomy.

  • A binomial name includes both the genus and the species.
  • A binomial name begins with the genus and then the species, much like your last name then your first.
  • In order from many organisms to specific species is :
  • Kingdom: Example Animal Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Genus
  • Species: note that species are defined by the fact that they reproduce with each other.
  • Levels of organization
  • Cells can be classified as:
  • Prokaryote: an organism that has no nucleus, no organelles, no cytoplasmic streaming .


If we start off with a cell being the lowest level of organization, then levels of complexity and interaction are:

Cell to tissue

Tissue to organ

Organ to system


Now we are looking at specific species.


A number of individual species is a population

A number of population with other populations is a community.

If we consider both living (biotic) and nonliving (abiotic) factors we are now considering an ecosystem.

Several ecosystems together is referred to as a biome.

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Bio 11 L 4 (2017-18)

Bio 11 L 4 (17-18)                                     Date Sept 19 201



Last lessons Objectives



1.    Work Package on Scientific method

2.    Big 3 ideas (Taxonomy, Evolution and Activities of life)


Today’s Objectives 1.    New species in class

2.    Chapter 7 Idea of Taxonomy

3.    This weeks mission: Taxonomy and Scientific method



Number One

How and why do we classify things

Lets visit some sites to answer this question










What terms are being used?

What techniques are being discussed?

What things in your life could you classify and why?

Does the method of classification include biochemistry?

Does the method of classification include activities of life?


In class classification challenge:

Using both text keys and activity hand out, classify the plants in room411





Number Two

Growing a Plant

You seed should be growing.

Please transfer the seed to a pot and start collecting data.

At this point in time, you need to keep your watering to just twice a week. Keep a record of this.

Look at new features of your plant and start to make quantitative and qualitative observations.

Begin to decide how to experiment with your plant (see ideas below)




Number Three

·      Working on your worksheet 19-25 plus 44

·      We will be creating an activity next class to decide what information is good material for a quiz.

·      See quizzes below


Text book Ref


Chapter 1 and chapter 7  
Online Plant project ideas



Practice quizzes on introductory ideas






Practice Multiple Choice



Homework List In Green duotang with a title page

Work so far

a)   History of biology time line

b)   Amino acid case study

c)   Growing a seed

d)   Worksheets (19-25)

e)   Worksheet 44

f)     Classifying 411 plants


Take home Three cool cartoons about life



From Calvin and Hobbes



“Watcha doin’?”
“Looking for frogs.”
“How come?”
“I must follow the inscrutable exhortations of my soul.”
― Bill Watterson


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Bio 11 Lesson 4                                      Date Sept 15th 2017



Last lessons Objective



1.    Levels of organizations

2.    Activities of life

3.    Amino Acid Case Study


Today’s Objectives 1.    Hypothesis and day to day use

2.    Dealing with data

3.    Taxonomy, DNA and Activities of life



Number One

Topic : Hypothesis and variables

Sheet Number 19 and 20

What makes a hypothesis?

Note not just a guess but a testable prediction


A formal hypothesis must include “If” and “then”

A hypothesis should be a testable idea.

“If” is the independent variable

“then” is the dependent variable

When graphing data that evolves from this hypothesis, the independent variable is the Y axis and the dependent variable .


For example :

If plant x is given nutrient then it will grow.

Data for this experiment would be a measurement of height (on the y axis) and the time you made the measurement would be on the x axis. Now you would a graph that could show change of length of stem, leaf or even width of stem and link that to time.


Youtube on hypothesis







what is a controlled experiment






Number Two

Devising experiments


Dealing with Data Sheet 22,

Continuing the challenge to make a seed “germinate”

Converting data to graphs.

Y axis is the independent variable

X axis is a constant such as time.


Interpreting graphs via shape or slope.


A conclusion in a lab should include

1)    Experimental Error

2)    How did you hypothesis compare to the results

3)    A new variable to test



Experimental design




Interpreting data



cricket lab




Number Three

Reporting results and drawing conclusions


What is the difference between raw data and interpreting data?


Compare your hypothesis to results.

Compare interpreting data and link to current ideas

Discuss experimental error

What would you do for the next experiment





Text book Reference


Chapter One




Online and You tube Reference  

Measuring duck weed



History of Biology Video Game



History of Bio








Homework So far

1)    Biology History

2)    Case study amino acids

3)    Work sheets in order


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Bio 11 L3 (2016-17)

Bio11 L 3                                           Date Sept 13th 2017



Last lessons Objective



1.    History and scientific methods

2.    Activities of life

3.    Six Big ideas of Biology

4.    Levels of organization




Today’s Objectives The big three

·      Classification

·      Evolution

·      Activities of life

Levels of organization

Experimental design

Case study



Number One

How are levels of organization linked to classification?

From the web



activities of life



From our first look at the history of biology, you will note that living things were often classified by their observable structures, like feather or leaves. Prior to more information on atoms and biomolecules, classifying living things was easier.


Yes what happens when you focus on a specific level of organization? Now you have more properties to compare.


As a hypothesis ..if you see similar traits then that organism may be related to the other..and this is the challenge of taxonomy.


In chapter 7 and in you timeline, notice how biology changes from no classification to the ideas of Linneaus.

What happens when we introducte metabolism?

Realize that all activities of life are linked to this one specific activity of life.

Also realize that proteins help regulate all living things to maintain some sense of “balance” or homeostasis.

So how are living things related not only by their shape but also their bio chemistry



Number Two


Seed experiment.

If you give a seed water, then it will grow


Yet, we have noticed that other life grows too. To compare results, we need to make sure that all procedures are the same.


Type of seeds need to be greater than 20 to insure more data.

We need to make sure that each plant is the same species. Why?

What is the independent variable in this experiment.

How are you going to graph the data?


Now ..phase two..what if we gave a growing seed a chemical to help it grow, how could we design an experiment?




Number Three

Case Study from text (page 49)

Lets suppose that living things can be related to their genetic material and proteins.


Biological Molecules ( chapter one)



In all living things are structures call proteins.

Proteins are made of amino acids.

Amino acids can be grouped in a specific order.

You can estimate how similar proteins are by:

Calculating the percentage of each amino acid

Calculating the similarity in order of amino acids.


This is the foundation of case study

You home work is to read and begin the case study.

Important points:

The similarities of amino acids and proteins is a measurement of “degree of relativeness”.

Just because you have a similar protein as a moth does no mean you are directly related to that moth.


Protein makes structures. The study of structures in living things can be linked to “morphology”. For example if we look at the shape of different types of beaks in birds, we may get a clue as to designing a family tree.


Next class:

Taxonomy and Microscopes.

Basic biomolecules



Text book Reference


Chapter One


Online and You tube Reference  

The scientific method




History of Biology Video Game



History of Bio








Take Home Message An activity of life can be observed

An idea or concept can be used to explain what has been observed.

A level of organization is a relative point of view

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 11 L2 (2017-18)

Bio11 (2017-18) L 2                                               Date Sept 11th 2017



Last lessons Objective



1.    Intro to bio

2.    Growing a seed


Today’s Objectives 1.    History and Scientific method

2.    Levels of organization

3.    Big ideas and activities of life




Number One

History of biology and Scientific Method


On a legal size piece of paper, make a time line of history of biology.


Table with three rows

Row one the date for the events

Row two the event or person linked to event

Row three: why do you think it was a big event.

You are to select 25 events.


What data have we gathered from bean experiment?

How can we eliminate broad amount of data?



Some web references





Perhaps a game might work







Number Two

How are living things organized by “levels of organization”?


How do we classify living things by their size?



How would size affect what we may or may not be observing?



How does level of organization help with how we try to solve a biological problem?


How could level of organization be linked to taxonomy?


What is the unique role of something called “a species”?



Number Three

·      What are the six big ideas in biology

·      What is a concept and how is it linked to how we explore living things?

·      What is “critical thinking”?


How do you use a concept to organize your observations?





Another point of view



Examples of linking observations with concepts



Characteristics of living things



Seven characteristics of life



Eschool notes



Text book Reference


Chapter One and Chapter Seve




Online and You tube Reference  

History of Biology Video Game



History of Bio



Check blog for biology 11 notes


Take Home Message An activity of life can be observed

An idea or concept can be used to explain what has been observed.

A level of organization is a relative point of view

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Bio 12 L2 (2017-18)

Bio 12 L2 (2017-18)                            Date: Sept 9th 2017


Last lessons Objective Class Notes or Information


1.   Getting squared away

2.   Intro the chemistry meets biology





Today’s Objective 1.   Chemical Bonds (4 types)

2.   Properties of water

3.   Inorganic to organic molecules



Number One

From our previous class we recall that when two two different elements combine together, they form a molecule


It requires energy to make a chemical bond.






Number Two

Water’s properties can be linked both to

a)   Being a polar molecule

b)   Sharing hydrogen bonds

Inorganic and organic Chemistry

·      CHNOPS

·      OilRig


Introduction to water


How many properties of water are there?


Properties of water





Hand out

Number Three

A)   Using water to make a solution

·      Water and Acids and Bases and Inorganic Chemistry

·      Carbon based molecules and water.

·      Chains and rings of carbon


B)   Using water to make or break a biomolecule Hydrolysis and Synthesis


Riddles to why people get confused.



Hydrolysis verses Atp hydrolysis






Text Reference Chapter Two

Molecules of life

Classification of molecules by function.


You tube Reference Bozeman



chemistry for biologists



Other reasons to study biology in high school



Class Notes References In class work sheet


Biology 12 concept map



Take Home message



It take energy to make and break things. Water has two types of bonds which create situations where a molecule can be broken (lysis) or separated (make into a solvent). Energy and matter..an amazing thing.
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Chordate Review

Chordate Study Guide


  1. What are the 4 characteristics shared by all chordates (4 marks)
  2. The adult seasquirt (Urochordata) has only one of the characteristics of the phylum chordata.
  3. Which characteristic does it have? (Urochordate)
  4. Why is it still considered a member of phylum chordata?(Urochordata)
  5. What is the main function of the kidney in a freshwater fish?
  6. Describe 3 adaptations of reptiles to living on land (3 reasons)
  7. Which class do Snake, lizards, crocodiles, and turtles belong to?
  8. Which class do Wolves, whales and humans belong to?
  9. The circulatory system of an adult frog consists of
  10. Jaws first occurred in which of the following classes?
  11. Characteristics shared by both reptiles and birds are
  12. Mammals that are born in an immature state and then continue their developement in a pouch on the mother are called
  13. Which of the following is a member of the Class Osteichthyes
  14. What are the parts of an amiotic egg and their function?
  15. Which chordate class contains animals that use a rasping tongue to obtain food?
  16. What are the three main characteristics of the Class Mammalia?
  17. Did mammals coexist with dinosaurs?
  18. What was the earliest mammal a predator or herbivore?
  19. Which modern chordate group is thought to be most like the earliest chordates?
  20. The invertebrate phylum most closely related to chordates is?
  21. What are the charactertistic of birds that only they have?
  22. Which chordate has no lungs?
  23. What does the circulatory system of a bony fish consists of?
  24. The mammalian umbilical cord has evolved from which two parts of the reptile egg?
  25. Which of the chordates are an Endotherm (“warm-blooded”)?
  26. The amniote egg first evolved in which of the following groups?
  27. What is the purpose of the allantois in the amniotic egg?
  28. What for nitrogen was does the mammalian kidney excrete?
  29. Which chordate has teeth in their jaws?
  30. Which chordate class has the most diversity?
  31. Which chordate class can live in the most diverse habitats.
  32. Which chordate class can fly, swim, and crawl?
  33. Which chordate has metamorphosis?
  34. Which chordates have hair?
  35. Which chordates have fur?
  36. Which chordates have lungs and claws?
  37. As chordates evolved onto land which systems changed?
  38. As chordates evolved how do reproductive strategies change?
  39. What are example of symbiosis in chordates?
  40. How do skin tissues change with the evolution of chordates?
  41. If a predatory bird population is hunting just mice, what is the ecological association between the two species?
  42. If one species of fish is eating the same food as another species, what ecological relationship is this?
  43. What three strategies do mammals have for gestation of their young?
  44. What is the difference between viviparous and oviparous?
  45. How are the lungs of a bird different ?
  46. Which chordates have urea?
  47. Which chordates have ammonia?
  48. Which chordates have uric acid?
  49. What is the advantage of teeth in sockets?
  50. Which chordate does not have teeth?
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Bio 11 SS July 24

Biology 11 Lesson Outline                                      Date July 24 th



Last lessons Objectives



Plant Physiology Evaluation
Today’s Objectives Plant Reproduction (Angiosperm and “where is the gamete)

Animal introduction


Number One

Pistils, Carpels and double pollination, oh my





Number Two

Animal Game plan Quiz


Three Porifera and Cnidaria




DNA, Taxonomy and Evolution

Debrief and new topic Porifera and Cnidaria Quiz  
Text Book


Class Notes

Gunner Notes Eight phylums is three ½ days

Day one: Porifera and Cnidaria

Day Two: Worms (Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida

Day Three: Molusca and Arthropoda

Day Four: Echinodermata



Chordata and Evolution



You tube Reference    
Today’s flow pattern How does shape and size of a single cell relate to how it lives?

How does the immune system adapt to larger organisms invading the host?

How do single cell organisms adapt to their environment in relation to how they reproduce, get food and adapt to change in environment?

How does sexual reproduction increase diversity within a kingdom?

What is the role of water in regards to single cell organisms?

As an organism becomes multicellular, what are some advantages and problems with getting larger?

How are life cycles linked to evolutionary success of both single and multicellular organism?

What are some preconceptions linked to the words plants?


Take Home Message  


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