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Bio 12 Mind check for Digestion Quiz

Digestion Quiz 3 : Hormones, Disease and nutrition



Mouth to stomach 1.     So what disease is linked to poor dental care and inflammation of gums.
2.     What is the effect of large populations of Helico pylori in the stomach
Hormones 1.     What are the four hormones of the digestive system
2.     What influences the secretion of these hormones.
3.     An inflamed gall bladder would cause pain, which hormone would trigger this?
Disease 1.     There are a variety of intestinal disorders, are hemorrhoids one of them?
2.     Failure of the pancreas to produce insulin with cause which disease?
3.     Failure of the pancreas to produce sodium bicarbonate with cause what symptoms?
4.     If the large intestine becomes irritated and peristalsis increases, what symptom would occer?
5.     How are hepatitis A and B controlled by public health measures?
6.     What causes jaundice and what are the symptoms
7.     Anemia is a symptom for which food deficiencies?
8.     What causes anorexia nervosa? What are the symptoms?
9.     Can the well being of bones and the heart be affected by having to many or two few nutrients? What are they?
Diet 1.     Considering the USDA recommended diet, what are some things that should be in a well rounded diet.
2.     What are some know facts about LDL and HDL lipids and cholesterol build up?
3.     What is the role of antioxidants and where can they be found?
4.     Eating probiotics increase the population of bacteria in the large intestines. What can these bacteria provide through their metabolism?
5.     What are four diseases that can be due to deficient or excess diets?
6.     Too much protein can lead to what symptoms?
7.     What excess in nutrients can lead to dehydration?
8.     What causes appendicitis and which organ is responsible for this disease?
9.     What causes lactose intolerance and what are the symptoms?
10.  Why are simple sugars called empty calories?
11.  Why are some amino acids called “essential amino acids”?
12.  Can a low saturated fat and low cholesterol diet lower blood cholesterol and LDL levels
13.  What is the role of dietary fibre?
14.  Does a high level of saturated fats reduce levels of LDL to cholesterol in the blood?
15.  Is obesity a disease or a disorder?
16.  What is the order of fat digestion from the lumen of intestine to the blood stream? How would this be influenced do to removal of gall bladder.
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Practice Quiz References and have No Comments

Pesky Protist Group Sign up

Please note

All Life Science students.

Each block must cover aa total ten protists listed below.

Each individual groups in each block are to be one or two members.

In classes of less than 20 students some groups will have to do a parasite on their own.

Select a partner and sign up on list in room 411 on Tuesday next week.

1.     Entamoeba hystolytica
2.     Giardia lamblia
3.     Leishmania donovani
4.     Balantidium coli
5.     Trichomonas
6.     Pneumocystis carinii
7.     Plasmodium
8.     Trypanosoma cruzi
9.     Trypanosoma brucei
10. Toxoplasmosis gondii
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Science 10 and have No Comments

Life science notes Jan 13th Protist

Life Sciences Bacteria and Protist Jan 13th 2020


Topic Key Points Resource
Bacteria Phone Lab Testing how much bacteria on phone before and after antiseptic wipe Which gets read of more bacteria, a disinfectant or an antiseptic. Which is used on living surfaces
  Remember your petri dish number is both your block and class room number.

Note that sample a is before using wipe, and b is after using wipe

Make sure to have three photos.

1 start of incubation

2. one day after incubation

3. two days after incubation

Protist G-1 Complete questions in G 1 G-1 Sheet
Getting to know Protist Online treasure hunt Use the references below


Pelagic food chain diagram



Resource Notes Getting to know protist


Basic Biology


University notes



  Videos Basics of Biology


Kingdom Protistaa

Life in a pond



posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Anatomy and Physiology (muscle cells) Jan 10th 2020

Anatomy and Physio Tissues Labs (Muscle Tissue) Jan 8th 2020



Topic Key Points Resource


Organs are made of tissues Worksheet labelling tissues found in anatomical structures

Three  types of muscle tissue

Skeletal muscle

Cardiac muscle

Smooth muscle

Overview by Khan academy



Skeletal muscle Are defined by structure and function

a)     Voluntary (controlled movement)

b)    Striation due to overlapping protein.

c)     Due to overlapping muscle bundles they appear multi nucleated



Cardiac Muscle Are defined by structure and function

a)     Involuntary ( autonomic nervous)

b)    Cylindrical fibres

c)     Intercalates discs ( join cells )

What is the function of the intercalated discs?




Smooth muscle Are defined by structure and function

a)     Spindle shaped fibres

b)    Central nuclei

c)     Found in walls of internal organs or viscera.

d)    Contracts (involuntary via autonomic system.

e)    Called “smooth” due to lack of striation

Which organs have smooth muscle?

Videos on muscles

Crash Course



Muscle Basics for Athletes



Take home The job of muscle is to move something.

Striation is linked to what?

What organelles would be in muscle and why?

What elements are vital for muscles and why?

Worksheet handed out for lab
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline,Biology Twelve Notes and have No Comments

Anatomy and Physiology Lesson Jan 8

Anatomy and Physio Tissues Labs ( Epithelial Tissue) Jan 8th2020



Topic Key Points Resource


Organs are made of tissues Worksheet labelling tissues found in anatomical structures Overview by Khan academy



Epithelial tissues Are defined by

a)     Layers ( simple or striated)

b)    Shape of cells




c)     Cell membrane structurs such as cilia



Role of tissues Note: diversity of names of epithelial tissue is due to diversity of functions of the tissue.

Functions (5):








posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline,Biology Twelve Notes and have No Comments

Acme Guide for Anatomy and Physiology DNA and Enzyme evolution

Acme Guide for Anatomy and Physiology DNA to Enzymes Test


Basics ·      What is the backbone of DNA composed of?

·      What compliment base pairs?

·      What structures in DNA make “genes”?

·      Why are the amounts of Adenine in DNA equal to Thymine?

·      If a gene has 120 base pairs, how many amino acids are in the protein?

·      DNA is called a semiconservative molecule, why?

·      DNA is called a supercoiled molecule, why?

·      Could you compare DNA to RNA using a table to compare structures and function?


Replication ·      Can you identify base pairs during replication?

·      Using a diagram of DNA making a new strand, how could you matching base pair. How would this change if the DNA is make RNA?

·      In replication which bonds are broken?

·      If DNA was replicating with radioactive Thymine, would it show up in future generations DNA? Why

·      In order, what are the four events that occur in DNA replication?

·      What are the enzymes involved with Replication?


Transcription ·      If you were given a DNA strand of code, could you predict the sequence of amino acids in the protein?

·      What are the enzymes in transcription?

·      What is produced in transcription?

·      If you were given a strand of DNA code, could you predict the effect of deleting one base in that code by showing the final amino acid sequence?

·      What are two factors that could change what protein would be formed?


Translation ·      In protein synthesis where and when are peptide bonds formed?

·      In protein synthesis where does transcription and translation occur?

·      rRNA is produced by which process?

·      What are the enzymes in translation?

·      What are the steps of protein synthesis from DNA to making a protein?

·      When does the base Thymine change to Uracil? Why?

·      Looking at the complete process of protein synthesis what is the purpose for:

a)     Ribosome moving to mRNA

b)    Adenine bonding to thymine

c)     An amino acid bonding to specific tRNA

d)    Forming a peptide bond

Gene Manipulation ·      What is recombinant DNA? Where does the DNA come from?

·      Using a diagram of a cells or bacteria cells DNA, how could recombinant DNA be used to make a specific protein


Enzymes ·      What is the sequence of events from combining substrate to enzyme and either making or breaking a chemical bond to make a new product?

·      What is the lock and key theory and how is it different from an enzyme whose active site changes? What is that process called?

What is :

·      Competitive inhibition

·      Non-competitive inhibition

·      Non-reversible inhibition

·      Coenzyme activity

Could you show the above interactions with a diagram?


Can you interpret graphs:

·      For amount of product vs progress of the reaction (time)

·      Rate of reaction vs Enzyme concentration

·      Energy level vs progress of reaction

·      Effect of denaturing an enzyme due to temperature

·      Effect of denaturing an enzyme due to ph.

·      Effect of denaturing and enzyme due to heavy metal


Enzyme lab interpretation ·      Interpreting enzyme lab results, a colour indicator is used to show the presence of a product.

·      Looking at a data table, could you predict the change in a colour due changes is substrate, acid, temperature, heavy metal, or increase of decreased concentrations of enzyme?

Interpretation of enzyme flow chart (see notes) If you were shown an interaction between two enzyme such as:


A with (enzyme 1) goes to B with (enzyme 2) goes to C


What would be two ways to increase the production of product C


What would be two ways to slow down or stop production of product C

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology Twelve Notes,DNA and Protein Synthesis and have No Comments

Life Sciences Lesson Wed/Thurs 27

Life Sciences ( C4-C5)  Wed and Thurs 27,28


Topic Vocab/Sub topic  

Deadliest being on Earth

Virus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YI3tsmFsrOg


Bacteriophage and lytic and lysogenic cycle.   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFwA0aBX5bE


Bacteriophage inserts   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41aqxcxsX2w


Replication of Envelope Virus   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=StYOdR8hOUU




Key Points  
1 Specific cycles are associated with which specific viruses
2 Which cycle would create the most virus?
3. How can phage be used in biology and medicine?
4. What are the three “life cycles” a virus can have?
5. How do animal viruses differ from the bacteriophage?
6. What properties of a bacteriophage could be used to argue that a phage is alive?
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Anatomy Take Home

This is template number three..

Please look for revisions.

Anatomy and Physio: Take Home Exam


“Written in the Code”


Your mission to prove understanding of two processes involving DNA.


The two processes you need to explore are:


  • The process and function of replication.
  • The process and function of Protein synthesis.


You will show proficiency in understand by completing three specific challenges


Challenge one:

You are to provide a detailed diagram that shows the both structures and functions of   biomolecules involved with DNA replication.

You are to provide a detailed diagram that shows the structures and functions of biomolecules in the process of  Protein Synthesis.

You are to show all steps of this process including what initiates and stops it.

Your diagram should be a hybrid of many diagrams found within your notes, text and online.

Your diagram should include at least 36 terms found in your references.

( You can make a combined list of terms and processes prior to making the diagram)

Your reference should be a bibliography.


Challenge Two

For each process you need to write a one page (two sided) translational story to discuss the process.

A translational process can be a children’s story, a screenplay, but not a step by step text book description!

Extra mark will be added for creativity.


Challenge Three: Pragmatic Example.

You are to find three practical examples for how replication is linked to either medicine or bioengineering.

You are to find three practical examples of how is DNA and protein synthesis associated with

Gene therapy or biological research.

You provide a descriptive paragraph for each example.

One example should be from popular media.

One example should be from a crediable science resource.

One example should be an abstract from a current lab


Challenge Four: Find and answer 2 BC provincial written questions

Look up versions of BC provincial Biology exam questions  (written portion) and select two questions for each process. You should also include answer key.


The bonus round…Make a link between your two stories to show links associated with the replication of DNA and the process of protein synthesis. What is a link? How do your two stories show commonality between replication and protein synthesis



Mission One Below Expectations Meet Expectation Exceeds expectations
Mission One Clarrity in diagram

Table that Includes total minimum 36 terms.

Shows each stage of process

Has a biobliography

Colour coded for processes

Has labels to show specific process

Mission  Two 2 stories

Type written

Two sides of one paper per story.

Words are highlighted

Creativity factor added for style of story

Mission Three Should have a total of six paragraphs,  type written with bibliography.

3 levels

a) Common News/Media

b) Scholastic reference ( from a university source ).

c) specific abstract from a lab


Mission Four Total of 4 provincial written questions (two per topic) with answer key


Bonus Explain link between two stories



posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology 12 Lesson Outline and have No Comments

Life Sciences Evolution Exam Guide

Acme Guide: Evolution exam


Cell Theory What are the key points regarding this theory?

Why is a cell a fundamental unit of life?

Abiogenesis In this theory, where did new species come from?
  How is “fixity of species” related to theory of evolution?

Why does sexual reproduction contribute to diversity of species?

What is the most reliable method to dating the earth’s age?

When is a population considered adapted to minor environmental fluctuations (changes).

How is an inherited variation related to the environment?

What are two examples of the rate of change in evolution?

What are four definitions of evolution and why?

(consider process, theory, change in gene pool and diversity in species)

How is structure and function related homologous, analogous and vestigial structures?

What are four forms of indirect evidence? Provide an example.

What are three reasons why fossils may create some confusion in regards to creating a phylogenic tree.

Lamarck Did the organism change to the environment or did the environment change the organism in Lamarck’s theory and law?

What was his theory?

What was his law?

What are some examples of his theory and law?

What is an example of “an acquired characteristic”

  What are Darwin’s six specific points?

How did Darwin link “natural selection” to “artificial selection”?

Why is struggle for existence linked to Malthus

Why is Wallace linked to “survival of fittest”?

In both Lamarck’s and Darwin’s theories, is the source of genetic variability discussed? Why not?

Darwin’s ideas was based upon overpopulation and survival of the fittest, why?

Evolution in action In the case study of English Peppered Moths, what is the source for change in colour of the moth?

In the case study on amino acids and insects, how is biochemical indirect evidence linked to “degree of relatedness”?

  In the case study with mosquitos and DDT, some mosquitos developed resistance to DDT. How would Lamarck and Darwin explain this?
  If an animal “develops” a trait to catch prey, is this a proof of an acquired characteristic?
  Lamarck states some animals “develop” an acquired characteristic vs Darwin says “nature selects”. What is the difference in the role of environment on the organism for these two theories?
  In the case study of horses, what type of selection and rate of evolution is occurring?

In the “Barbellus” lab, how is geological evidence linked to phylogenetic trees?

  If an organism does not have “genetic potential” to adapt then the species becomes what?

What does the term “assurance” mean?

What does “fundamental” mean?

What does “fluctuate” mean?

  What is directional selection? Example


  What is stabilizing selection? Example
  What is disruptive selection? Example
  What is an example of evidence that is not indirect evidence?
  What is the difference between convergence and coevolution?
  What is “speciation” and how is it linked to isolation mechanisms?


  How is speciation linked to adaptive radiation?
  How is adaptive radiation linked to divergence of a species?
  In an interbreeding population of organisms, what is a fertile offspring called?

If two species interbreed and create nonfertile species, what are they called?

  If someone visited the Hawaiian Islands and noticed 10 species of butterflies while going from island to island, how could they explain the diversity of species by looking at Darwin’s evidence in the Galapagos Islands? What would be the role of isolation mechanisms, adaptive radiation, overpopulation, fitness of species and types of selections such as disruptive, stabilizing and directional selection.
posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Notes,Evolution and have No Comments

Life Science Acme Guide for Chapter 3 Quiz

Acme Guide for Chapter 3


  1. Darwin’s importance of competition and or struggle for existence came from which author/researcher?
  2. What was the essay by Malthus called and how was it linked to Darwin’s ideas?
  3. Step by step, what are the six point that Darwin uses to explain his theory of evolution and natural selection?
  4. Which evolutionary theorist used the giraffe to show use and disuse?
  5. What is the difference between the theory of disuse and use and law of acquired characteristics?
  6. If an organism was intentionally changes such as chopping off tails or cutting ears (such as some dog species) and the pups were still born with tales, which theory could this evidence challenge?
  7. Recalling the industrial melanism case study, how did the moth originally get the black colour?
  8. Darwin fostered the idea of both natural and artificial selection, what would be an example of artificial related to domestic animal stocks?
  9. If the environment selects a specific trait in an insect population, whose theory would. This evidence supports?
  10. If a population in a cold and dry environment has a warm protective covering as a form of an adaption that allows the species survive and produce more offspring, whose theory is supported by this evidence?
  11. Could birth rate be influenced by getting long legged bird species bottoms wet?
  12. Was the source of variability in a species every discussed in Darwin’s theory?
  13. What is the process of multiplication of species called?
  14. What is an example and definition for term hybrid? Can some hybrids become infertile?
  15. What is a preserved imprint of a former living organism foot called?
  16. In a short passage of geological time there is a rapid change in morphology, unlike gradual model of change, this is called what?
  17. According do Darwin the story behind why there were 14 different species in the Galapagos islands is due to a variety of variables.
  18. Were there natural predators?
  19. Where did the original species come from?
  20. Was there an abundance of food for just one type of species?
  21. How is speciation linked to natural selection? (for example, how isolation mechanisms influence which species survives? Could you give an example?
  22. How did diversity in population influence which birds, iguanas and even tortoise to survive.
  23. If a bird species did not have a specific trait or shape of beak, could it survive on another island? Why?
  24. Could you use the answers from the above questions to explain speciation and natural selection in the Galapagos island?


Study resource at blog is file is “Lumen Biology Resources”

posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology Eleven,Biology Eleven Notes,Evolution and have No Comments