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Biology 12 ( Blood Review Sheet)

Blo 12 Blood Review Sheet:


Part One: “The Bits” or vocab (take the time to fill in)


Vocab Definition
Bicarbonate ion  
Blood Type  
Carbon dioxide  
Carbonic acid  
Prothrombin activator  
Red Blood Cell  
Rh factor  
Stem cell  
Tissue fluid  
White blood cells  
  Hormone that increases blood glucose level
  Hormone that lowers blood calcium level
  Hormone that decreases blood glucose
  Hormone that increases metabolic rate
  Hormone that helps in repair of damaged tissues



Part Two: How things interact


  1. Inflammation
  • What are the four cardinal signs of inflammation?
  • What are the cellular products in inflammation?
  • What are the plasma components of inflammation?
  • What are the five stages or events of inflammation?


  1. Blood Clotting
  • What are the cellular components of a clotting response?
  • What are the biochemical components of a clotting response?
  • What element helps with blood clotting?
  • What are the specific steps of blood clotting?


  1. Blood Type
  • How many blood types are there and how are they identified?
  • What is a universal donor?
  • What is a universal receiver?
  • What is a rhesus factor and how does it occur?
  • How is agglutination related to rh factor and how would you notice under a microscope?
  • What is “erythroblastosis fetalis” and how does it occur?


  1. Cell types
  • What is the role of specific white blood cells?
  • Over population of white blood cells is due to?
  • What occurs if there is a shortage of red blood cells?
  • What is missing in red blood cells?
  • How often do red blood cells get replaced and where do replacement cells come from?



  1. Gas Exchange
  • Most of the carbon dioxide produced by cells is carried in the blood plasma as?
  • Slow uptake of carbon dioxide occurs in the plasma to create?
  • What is the role of carbonic anhydrase and where does it occur?
  • What is the role of chlorine and blood plasma carbon dioxide?
  • Carbon dioxide and water in the blood changes to?
  • How does the blood regulate ph?
  • What is the role of carbaminohemoglobin in red blood cells?



And then..things that go whoops!


  1. Abnormal blood tests

What would cause the following and what could be possible symptoms

  1. decrease in leukocytes
  2. low level of fibrinogen
  3. Elevated levels of plasma proteins
  4. To little iron in the blood
  5. Low ph in blood
  6. Low level of calcium in blood
  7. Low level of carbonic anhydrase in rbc
  8. Low levels of red blood cells
  9. High levels of glucose in the blood
  10. Low levels of glucose in the blood


Some things to consider


  • What is an autoimmune response?
  • How is cancer linked to blood types?
  • What are two reasons why oxygen, water and nutrients move freely from the arteriole end of the capillary into the tissue fluid?
  • How can a hematocrit give a quick description of what is occurring within your body?
  • How is stem cell research linked to blood cellular components?
  • Which two ions could affect how blood absorbs carbon dioxide and how blood clots?


posted by Marc Bernard Carmichael in Biology 12,Biology Twelve Notes and have No Comments

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