Biology 12 DNA RESEARCH ~ Genetic Disorders

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We used CP Day today to look up any genetic disorder, but hopefully you looked at pages 12 and 13 in your DNA booklet.

Point form is fine, be curious; consider covering the Who Where What Why and How of good journalism. There is a template in an earlier post, just search research paper template if you need more guidance.

Submit to my email by Feb 26 11:59 pm.

PS please be prompt to Friday’s class as UBC (Young Women for Science) is coming to do a presentation with our class.

Chevron vs Ecuador as reported by CBC

International legal battle between Chevron, Indigenous Ecuadorians continues in Ontario court

Appeal of order for $1M security fee from plaintiffs in Chevron case to be heard in Toronto Oct. 10

Environmentalist Donald Moncayo shows his glove after conducting a test made on an affected field in Ecuador. (Guillermo Granja/Reuters)

A legal battle between Chevron and Indigenous villagers from Ecuador, spanning several decades and across three countries, is now playing out in Canada as Ontario courts consider whether to enforce foreign judgments here.

In 2011, Chevron Corp., the third-largest oil company in the United States, was ordered to pay $9.5 billion by an Ecuadorian court to compensate 30,000 Indigenous villagers living in the Lago Agrio region of Ecuador for environmental damages.

The villagers claimed Chevron was responsible for extensive environmental damage caused by oil-drilling activities by Texaco, Inc., which ended more than 20 years ago and before Chevron acquired Texaco in 2001.

Ecuadorian judgment

In 2011, Chevron was found guilty for the dumping of billions of gallons of oil and toxic waste into the Ecuadorian Amazonia region, where Texaco operated for 25 years.

Chevron hasn’t operated in Ecuador since 1992 and no longer has assets in that country, so the plaintiffs went to a U.S. court in order to have the judgment enforced.

However, Chevron filed suit against the plaintiffs and their legal team in the U.S. under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), alleging that the Ecuadorian judgment was obtained through corrupt means.

Southern District of New York court ruled in 2014 that the Ecuadorian judgment was a product of fraud and racketeering activity, rendering it unenforceable in the U.S.

Meanwhile, in 2012, the Ecuadorian plaintiffs filed a lawsuit against Chevron Canada in Ontario — part of a planned series of lawsuits in several countries where Chevron has assets. The Ontario Supreme Court ruled in January of this year that the plaintiffs could not collect payment from Chevron Canada because it was a separate entity from Chevron Corp. However, it ruled that the plaintiffs could still proceed against Chevron Corp.

Chevron then requested the plaintiffs pay a $1-million security fee to cover anticipated costs before the case proceeds. That was approved by the court, but an appeal of the ruling will be heard Oct. 10 at the Ontario Court of Appeal in Toronto.

Chevron disputes the original judgment from Ecuador and says it shouldn’t be enforced in Canada.

U.S. district judge found Ecuadorian judgment fraudulent

Chevron spokesperson Morgan Crinklaw pointed to the 2014 RICO decision and said the plaintiffs’ legal team committed “serious and significant crimes,” such as bribery, witness tampering, obstruction of justice, wire fraud, and mail fraud.

“This [lawsuit] was a scheme. [The plaintiffs] were hoping that Chevron would just settle and pay them out,” said Crinklaw.

“In the U.S., the Ecuadorian judgment is fraudulent and cannot be judged. It’s a fact, the courts found it to be so,” he said.

“Since they can’t enforce it in the United States they are going to other countries around the world to try to enforce it.”

Head lawyer for the Ecuadorian tribes Steven Donziger meets with villagers in the Lago Agrio region affected by the oil pollution in their traditional territories. (

The Lago Agrio legal team has also filed applications to enforce judgment against Chevron in Brazil and Argentina, in attempts to gather the multi-billion dollar settlement.

Steven Donziger, a New York-based human rights lawyer who is leading the case against Chevron, says that Chevron has used heavy-handed tactics in fighting the case.

Donziger alleges he has been the target of colossal economic power from a single corporation directed against an individual.

“They sued me for $60 billion before dropping all damages claims to avoid a jury in the RICO matter — the largest amount an individual has been sued for in the history of the United States,” he said.

Chevron maintains it is not responsible

Ultimately, Chevron reiterates that it is not responsible for the damages caused by the pollution in the Amazon.

“This group of American trial lawyers and others are trying to use Canada’s judicial system to enforce a fraudulent and illegitimate Ecuadorian judgement,” said Crinklaw.

Chevron asserts Texaco did its part to clean up oil-waste pits and other environmental damage. In 1995, Texaco signed an agreement with the Ecuadorian government and agreed to clean up the waste, and in return was released from any further liability.

However, Donziger said Texaco’s cleanup was inadequate and that its workers merely pushed dirt over leftover waste pits.

According to reports commissioned by the plaintiff’s legal team, higher than normal cancer rates are on the rise among villagers living in the Lago Agrio area of Ecuador.

The lawsuit represents 30,000 claimants who say they have been affected by pollution from the leftover oil fields. Many don’t have access to clean drinking water due to contamination. The plaintiffs were not signatories to the agreement made between Texaco and the Ecuadorian government.

Crinklaw said Texaco’s former partner in the oil production industry in Ecuador, the state-owned company Petroecuador, is responsible for the remaining reclamation.

“The people of Ecuador and the trial lawyers claiming to represent them should be pursuing Petroecuador and the government of Ecuador for their responsibility for cleaning up whatever exists on the ground today,” said Crinklaw.

But Donziger insists Chevron is using stall tactics to avoid paying what is owed to the plaintiffs who have long awaited compensation. He says the $1-million security order is unjust as the already poor villagers do not have the money to pay it.

“Remember, we won the case [in Ecuador],” said Donziger.

“It was affirmed by Ecuador’s highest court.… All we are doing now is collecting the judgment against a scofflaw debtor trying to run from the law. Chevron cannot, in Canada, relitigate issues it already raised in its preferred forum of Ecuador and lost.”


  • An earlier version of this story said the plaintiffs tried to sue Chevron in the U.S. in hopes of winning a settlement but U.S. courts dismissed the action. In fact, Chevron filed suit against the plaintiffs and their legal team in the U.S. under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, alleging that the Ecuadorian judgement was obtained by corrupt means. A U.S. court ruled that the Ecuadorian judgement was a product of fraud and racketeering activity, rendering it unenforceable in the U.S.
    Oct 07, 2017 6:25 PM ET

Due Dates (updated Monday Feb 11)

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Science 8

Rectangular Prism Activity

Day 1 due Friday Feb 8

Day 2 due Monday Feb 11

Chapter 4 Test

Day 1 Fri Feb 22

Day 2 Thurs Feb 21


Science 10

Pages 132-135 in the new Workbook, due Wednesrday Feb 13

Chevron vs Ecuador:

See moodle or my newer blog for the original case as reported by CBC:


Biology 12

Chapter 12 Study and Obj Questions (overdue)

Chapter 25 Study and Obj Questions due Thurs Feb 14

Updated Midyear Exam Schedule/Instructions

Science 8, midyear exam covers chapters 1, 2, and 3 (cheat sheet is hand written and handed in WITH your exam, without it you don’t write the exam)

Day 1 –> Writing on Monday Feb 4th (remember block rotation, block 1.3 is first)

Day 2 –> Writing on Tues Feb 5th


Science 10 –> Writing Tues Feb 5th (remember block rotation, block 2.3 is first)

You will get a data booklet, bring a calculator and a pencil and a good eraser; the exam covers chapters 4, 5, 6, and 7


Biology 12 –> Monday Feb 4th, right after lunch. No extra time given, please be prompt.



Biology 12 Vitamin Assignment

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See Moodle for the Vitamin Assignment doc.

Due Date Friday January 11 (Tues January 15th for Mini’s).

There is a sample presentation on Moodle. Follow the pattern but make it your own. Do not duplicate any of the vitamins or minerals there.

If you’re too nervous to present in front of your peers, please submit a video link to so we can watch your presentation on Friday/Tuesday. Your counselor may have to vouch for you if you choose to do a video instead of presenting live.

Science 8 10 and Biology 12, lead up to Winter Break

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Instead of the Smallpox images, be happy 🙂

Science 8

Day 2 ~ Smallpox debate ~ have info ready, phone or printed out, written, by Thurs Dec 13

Chapter 3 Test: Day 1 for Tuesday Dec 18th

Day 2 for Monday Dec 17th


Science 10

Chapter 6 Test Monday Dec 17th

There are 2 parts to Chapter 6: The Six Reaction Types and then how to Effect the Rate of Reaction (Four Ways)

We’ve done demonstrations for Decomposition, Neutralization, and tried to do a reaction increasing the rate of which with the use of a common enzyme

Mr Sommerfeld will be available both Tuesdays after school, Dec 11 and 18th (Dec 11 in the Learning Commons, Mr S is supervising Math and Science Tutor Club until 4 pm)


Biology 12

Chapter 6 Study and “Objective Questions due Thursday Dec 20th

Science 8 10 and Biology 12

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Science 8, Chapter 2 Test (Body Systems) Please hand in your Chicken Heart Labs and homework (page 81 and 95 from the textbook) Be prepared to label a heart and write about why one ventricle is thick, why one is thin. 

Day 1 Mon Nov 26

Day 2 Tues Nov 27

Then, Joker’s Classic for Wed and Thurs (bring $2 or $5 or 3 cans)

Science 10

Chapter 5 test Tuesday November 27th

(Chapter 5 Review Wed and Friday this week)

Joker’s Classic Thursday Nov 29th  (bring $2 or $5 or 3 cans)

Biology 12 

  1. Cell Membrane (Chapter 4) Test, Tues December 4th
  2. Study and Objective Questions from Chapter 4 due Monday Nov 26th
  3. Joker’s Classic Wed (bring $2 or $5 or 3 cans) and Enzyme lab on Friday

Sci 8 Sci 10 and Biology 12

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To all my Science 8 and 10 students, please remember the Math and Science Tutor Club is available for you every Tuesday and Thursday after school in the Learning Commons (the library) and there’s a Homework Club on Wednesday (room 306) after school and at lunch (Red Room, second floor across from 211) and that I’m available every Tuesday after school, but you must sign up so I can prepare in advance (clipboard by the door, write on there why you’re coming)


Science 8 Chapter 2 Test 

Day 1 students ~ Monday November 26th

Day 2 students ~ Tuesday November 27th

Chicken Heart Labs next week!!


Science 10 Chapter 5 Test

Tuesday November 27th

Homework due Monday November 19th: Booklet pages 98-101 on Organic Chemistry

Biology 12 Cell Test November 22nd

Chapter 6 Enzyme Lab (dates to be announced shortly)